Ulrich von Hutten


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Hutten, Ulrich von

 

Born Apr. 21, 1488, in Steckel-berg; died Aug. 29, 1523, on the island of Ufenau, Lake Zürich. German humanist, writer, and political figure. A member of the knightly estate.

Hutten was an active participant in the Erfurt circle of humanists and was one of the principal authors of the satire entitled Letters of Obscure Men(1515–17), which exposed the false doctrines of the scholastics and the moral disintegration of the clergy. Hutten advocated the development of secular culture, and in his own literary works, including his pub-licistic writing, he made masterful use of the method of rationalistic criticism of the Catholic dogmas. Hutten’s optimistic, humanistic world view was permeated by faith in the power of reason and science. From the beginning of the Reformation, Hutten belonged to the opposition, which grouped around Luther. He called for an open war against the papacy and for an end to the domination of the princes in Germany. In an unsuccessful attempt to direct a movement of all peoples against Rome in the interests of his own class, Hutten took part in an uprising of knights in 1522–23; after the failure of this uprising he fled to Switzerland, where he soon died. Hutten’s principal works—pamphlets, speeches, and invectives—are written in Latin. In his dialogues vividly portrayed characters are encountered (Vadiscus, or the Roman Trinity,1520; Robbers 1521). Outstanding among Hutten’s poems are his epigrams and the satire No One(1512).

WORKS

Opera quae reperiripotuerunt omnia,vols. 1–7. Edited by E. Böcking. Leipzig, 1859–70.
In Russian translation:
Dialogi—Publitsistika—Pis’ma.Moscow, 1959.

REFERENCES

Engels, F. “Krest’ianskaia voina v Germanii.” K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch.,2nd ed., vol. 7, pp. 393–96.
Purishev, B. Ocherki nemetskoi literatury XV-XVII vv.Moscow, 1955.
Volodarskii, V. M. “Gumanisticheskie vozzreniia Ul’rikha fon Gut-tena.” In the collection Srednie veka,vol. 24. Moscow, 1963.
Straus, D. F. Ul’rikh fon Gutten.St. Petersburg, 1896. (Translated from German.)
Drewinc, H. Vier Gestalten aus dem Zeitalter des Humanismus.St. Gallen, 1946.

S. P. MARKISH and V. M. VOLODARSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Editor's note: Below is the text of the acceptance speech written by James Bacque for the Gesellschaft fur freie Publizistik, who in 2017 awarded him their Ulrich von Hutten prize for services to German letters and freedom of speech.
The high school Ulrich von Hutten consists of two buildings.
regeln fEr den ogattungsfreien raumAE; der ritter im baum; practices of violence and their limits; der Cberfall auf das N|rdlinger scharlachrennen; Erasmus, Reuchlin und Ulrich von Hutten als aegewaltgemeinschaft?
Ulrich von Hutten, Dirk Martens, Juan Luis Vives, Wolfgang Capito, Etienne Dolet, and Duke George of Saxony), and a number of more general issues relating to the Erasmian legacy (e.
Equitis Germani aula dialogus (1518), Aula, eines deutschen Ritters Dialog uber den Hof By Ulrich von Hutten.
No simple uneasiness accompanied its publication by Ulrich von Hutten in 1506.
Reflecting this cultural dissimilarity, Northern Humanists, like Ulrich von Hutten, frequently distanced themselves, through the rhetorics of sodomy, from their Italian colleagues and mentors.
The authors are not known, but it is quite likely that Ulrich von Hutten (1488 - 1523) wrote part of the book.
The first, a 122-page biography of Ulrich von Hutten in French including material on Luther and Erasmus, is described as filling a gap in French scholarship on Hutten.
Patriotic poetry was also favored, as represented by such figures as Conrad Celtis and Ulrich von Hutten.
Interestingly, Schnaphan is also the title of a sarcastic pamphlet directed at robber barons (published around 1523); its main target was Franz von Sickingen, who (like Eppendorf) supported Ulrich von Hutten in his campaign against the Roman clergy.
Another well-known German who used the exemplum is Ulrich von Hutten.