Ulrich von Hutten


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Hutten, Ulrich von

 

Born Apr. 21, 1488, in Steckel-berg; died Aug. 29, 1523, on the island of Ufenau, Lake Zürich. German humanist, writer, and political figure. A member of the knightly estate.

Hutten was an active participant in the Erfurt circle of humanists and was one of the principal authors of the satire entitled Letters of Obscure Men(1515–17), which exposed the false doctrines of the scholastics and the moral disintegration of the clergy. Hutten advocated the development of secular culture, and in his own literary works, including his pub-licistic writing, he made masterful use of the method of rationalistic criticism of the Catholic dogmas. Hutten’s optimistic, humanistic world view was permeated by faith in the power of reason and science. From the beginning of the Reformation, Hutten belonged to the opposition, which grouped around Luther. He called for an open war against the papacy and for an end to the domination of the princes in Germany. In an unsuccessful attempt to direct a movement of all peoples against Rome in the interests of his own class, Hutten took part in an uprising of knights in 1522–23; after the failure of this uprising he fled to Switzerland, where he soon died. Hutten’s principal works—pamphlets, speeches, and invectives—are written in Latin. In his dialogues vividly portrayed characters are encountered (Vadiscus, or the Roman Trinity,1520; Robbers 1521). Outstanding among Hutten’s poems are his epigrams and the satire No One(1512).

WORKS

Opera quae reperiripotuerunt omnia,vols. 1–7. Edited by E. Böcking. Leipzig, 1859–70.
In Russian translation:
Dialogi—Publitsistika—Pis’ma.Moscow, 1959.

REFERENCES

Engels, F. “Krest’ianskaia voina v Germanii.” K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch.,2nd ed., vol. 7, pp. 393–96.
Purishev, B. Ocherki nemetskoi literatury XV-XVII vv.Moscow, 1955.
Volodarskii, V. M. “Gumanisticheskie vozzreniia Ul’rikha fon Gut-tena.” In the collection Srednie veka,vol. 24. Moscow, 1963.
Straus, D. F. Ul’rikh fon Gutten.St. Petersburg, 1896. (Translated from German.)
Drewinc, H. Vier Gestalten aus dem Zeitalter des Humanismus.St. Gallen, 1946.

S. P. MARKISH and V. M. VOLODARSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Editor's note: Below is the text of the acceptance speech written by James Bacque for the Gesellschaft fur freie Publizistik, who in 2017 awarded him their Ulrich von Hutten prize for services to German letters and freedom of speech.
The high school Ulrich von Hutten consists of two buildings.
Thirteen chapters/articles are: beasts, burning, and beheading; murder in the palace; ripped bodies, pierced heels and burned houses; gewalt und gemeinschaft im Eneasroman Heinrichs von Veldeke; more than enemies; at the threshold of hell; Ehestands-Maren und gewalt.; regeln fEr den ogattungsfreien raumAE; der ritter im baum; practices of violence and their limits; der Cberfall auf das N|rdlinger scharlachrennen; Erasmus, Reuchlin und Ulrich von Hutten als aegewaltgemeinschaft?; der kampf der reformatoren gegen die baalistischen pfaffen in der grafschaft Nassau-Weilburg zur zeit des augsburger interims.
To celebrate the centenary of Allen's first volume, an international conference was held at Oxford in 2006 which brought together scholars from eight countries to discuss such matters as the editing and translation of Erasmus's letters, his relations with some important contemporaries (e.g., Ulrich von Hutten, Dirk Martens, Juan Luis Vives, Wolfgang Capito, Etienne Dolet, and Duke George of Saxony), and a number of more general issues relating to the Erasmian legacy (e.g., its use in the seventeenth century, by religious apologists in England and Justus Lipsius on the continent, and its misconstrual in early twentieth-century English literary criticism).
Equitis Germani aula dialogus (1518), Aula, eines deutschen Ritters Dialog uber den Hof By Ulrich von Hutten. Edited and translated by Klaus Schreiner and Ernst Wenzel.
No simple uneasiness accompanied its publication by Ulrich von Hutten in 1506.
The first is the one on the polemical intention behind much early sixteenth century editing, in which Roloff rightly calls for much more research on the aims and methods of editing in this period, when the printed book was really coming into its own for the first time; he illustrates his point with compelling examples, including Sebastian Brant, Erasmus's Novum instrumentum, Ulrich von Hutten's edition of Lorenzo Valla's denunciation of the Donation of Constantine as a forgery, and Otto Brunfels's edition of texts of Jan Hus.
138-43); Hans Korner, "Die Familie von Hutten: Genealogie und Besitz bis zum Ende des Alten Reiches", in Peter Laub, (ed.), Ulrich von Hutten: Ritter, Humanist, Publizist.
The authors are not known, but it is quite likely that Ulrich von Hutten (1488 - 1523) wrote part of the book.
By Ulrich von Hutten. Edited by Monique Samuel-Scheyder.
Patriotic poetry was also favored, as represented by such figures as Conrad Celtis and Ulrich von Hutten. In a more pedagogic vein, school drama and religious lyric flourished.
The Sponge of Erasmus against Aspersions of Hutten was his response to Ulrich von Hutten's Expostulatio, which accused him of being a coward and a traitor who was unwilling to stand behind what he knew to be true Christian doctrine.