Ulu Dag

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ulu Dağ

 

(in ancient times, Olympus), a mountain range in western Turkey. The range is about 80 km long and has a maximum elevation of 2,493 m (Mount Ulu Dag). The slopes are composed of granites, gneisses, and schists, and the crest is composed of marbles. There are cirques, moraines, and other glacial land-forms, as well as planation surfaces. The slopes have chestnut, beech, and coniferous forests, and above 2,000 m there are meadows and elfin woodlands. The area is popular for winter sports and tourism. The city of Bursa is located at the northwestern base of Ulu Dag.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.