Ulundi


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Ulundi

(o͞olo͞on`dē) [Zulu,=the high place], town, part and seat of Ulundi local municipality (2011 pop. 187,271), KwaZulu-Natal prov., SE South Africa. Situated on a hill overlooking the White Mfolozi River, the town possesses a modern administrative complex that is among the largest in the country. It is linked to other urban areas by road, railroad, and air. Its relatively few factories process locally grown foods, tobacco, and lumber.

Ulundi became the Zulu capital in 1873 when, shortly after his accession to the throne, King CetshwayoCetshwayo,
 Ketchwayo
, or Cetewayo
, c.1836–1884, king of the Zulus. Cetshwayo gained ascendancy in 1856, when he defeated in battle and killed his younger brother, who was the favorite of their father, Umpanda.
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 established his kraal just northeast of the present town. In 1879 it was the site of the final battle of the Anglo-Zulu war, a defeat that resulted in the slaughter of 1,500 Zulus (13 Britons were killed) and the burning of the town by the British. A silver-domed stone temple at the battlefield now serves as a memorial. In 1980, the capital of the bantustanbantustan,
in 20th-century South African history, territory that was set aside under apartheid for black South Africans and slated for eventual independence. Ten bantustans (later generally referred to as homelands), covering 14% of the country's land, were created from the
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 of KwaZulu was moved there, and from 1994 to 2004 Ulundi was co-capital (with the city of PietermaritzburgPietermaritzburg
, city, part and seat of Msunduzi local municipality and capital of KwaZulu-Natal prov., E South Africa, in the foothills of the Drakensberg Range. The city is an administrative and industrial center.
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) of KwaZulu-Natal. Located in Ulundi is the KwaZulu Cultural Museum–Ondini, the restored site of the original royal kraal along with a museum of Zulu history and culture. The local municipality also includes the communities of Buthelezi Empithimpithini, Nobamba, Mpungose, and Ximba.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Battle of Ulundi took place around six months after Rorke's Drift and was the last major con-flict of the Anglo-Zulu war.
That was Ulundi's first run since recovering from a bout of shipping fever which he suffered when sent to race in Hong Kong.
But it was Ulundi who caught the eye as he flew down the outside of the field to get within half a length of the winner at the line.
Prince Buthelezi is also committed to developing the northern Zululand town of Ulundi as the provincial capital.
The pen - used to sign the 1879 Ulundi Treaty to end the war with the British - was stolen by William Harmer when he worked there in 2004.
Mr Slack, who is originally from Hebburn in South Tyneside, but now lives with wife Delia at Cornforth, County Durham, was paid pounds 2,075 for his most valuable lot ( a shield and spear used on the Ulundi battlefield.
Classy Flat and hurdles performer Ulundi makes his chasing debut at Bangor today and should be on the premises in the Harkstead Properties Beginners' Chase.
If Ulundi bypasses Epsom he is also engaged in the Prince Of Wales's Stakes at Royal Ascot and the Coral-Eclipse Stakes at Sandown later in the season.
He again finished third, beaten two lengths behind Ulundi and Arabie, but fine as that effort was, it could have been even better as he was short of room at a vital time and had to switch to make his run in the final furlong.
PAUL WEBBER may give top-of-the-ground specialist Ulundi a short break after being forced to pull him out of a race at rain-hit Sandown yesterday.
Former Scottish champion hurdle winner Ulundi (2.15) is still improving on the flat and he can follow up his Royal Ascot success in this Listed event back at a mile and a quarter after failing to stay last time.