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Ulundi(o͞olo͞on`dē) [Zulu,=the high place], town, part and seat of Ulundi local municipality (2011 pop. 187,271), KwaZulu-Natal prov., SE South Africa. Situated on a hill overlooking the White Mfolozi River, the town possesses a modern administrative complex that is among the largest in the country. It is linked to other urban areas by road, railroad, and air. Its relatively few factories process locally grown foods, tobacco, and lumber.
Ulundi became the Zulu capital in 1873 when, shortly after his accession to the throne, King CetshwayoCetshwayo,
, or Cetewayo
, c.1836–1884, king of the Zulus. Cetshwayo gained ascendancy in 1856, when he defeated in battle and killed his younger brother, who was the favorite of their father, Umpanda.
..... Click the link for more information. established his kraal just northeast of the present town. In 1879 it was the site of the final battle of the Anglo-Zulu war, a defeat that resulted in the slaughter of 1,500 Zulus (13 Britons were killed) and the burning of the town by the British. A silver-domed stone temple at the battlefield now serves as a memorial. In 1980, the capital of the bantustanbantustan,
in 20th-century South African history, territory that was set aside under apartheid for black South Africans and slated for eventual independence. Ten bantustans (later generally referred to as homelands), covering 14% of the country's land, were created from the
..... Click the link for more information. of KwaZulu was moved there, and from 1994 to 2004 Ulundi was co-capital (with the city of PietermaritzburgPietermaritzburg
, city, part and seat of Msunduzi local municipality and capital of KwaZulu-Natal prov., E South Africa, in the foothills of the Drakensberg Range. The city is an administrative and industrial center.
..... Click the link for more information. ) of KwaZulu-Natal. Located in Ulundi is the KwaZulu Cultural Museum–Ondini, the restored site of the original royal kraal along with a museum of Zulu history and culture. The local municipality also includes the communities of Buthelezi Empithimpithini, Nobamba, Mpungose, and Ximba.