Ulysses S. Grant

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Grant, (Hiram) Ulysses S.

(1822–85) eighteenth U.S. president; born in Point Pleasant, Ohio. The son of a tanner, he gained a place at West Point in 1839, from which he graduated with little distinction, except as a horseman. (It was at West Point that he was accidentally assigned the middle initial "S"; it is assumed it referred to his mother's maiden name, Simpson.) He served with considerable bravery in the Mexican War of 1846–48, but afterward languished in remote posts on the West Coast, taking to drink and finally resigning in 1854. He then spent six frustrating years in Missouri, farming and in other pursuits. When the Civil War began, he found a commission as a colonel and was promoted to general in August 1861. Soon he had proved himself the ablest of Northern leaders, winning a string of brilliant victories from 1862–63 that culminated in the capture of Vicksburg, Miss. After he had broken an apparently hopeless siege of Union forces in Chattanooga in late 1863, he was appointed by Lincoln to overall command of Union armies. In that post he created for the first time a single plan for the Union war effort; the main elements were Sherman's campaigns in Georgia and Grant's offensive against Lee in Virginia. After a year of brutal fighting, Lee surrendered to Grant in April 1865 and the Confederacy collapsed. The Republicans seized this war hero as their presidential candidate in 1868; he won a narrow victory in the popular vote. As president, he was out of his element; a cabinet of cronies and political contributors proved largely incompetent and corrupt, and Grant had no overall vision for the country. He managed to gain reelection in 1872 despite the Credit Mobilier and Whiskey Ring scandals and other sensations that would leave his administration—though not his personal integrity—tarnished. Grant left office to make a triumphant world tour, but did not succeed in his hopes for regaining the presidency. Having been swindled by a friend, he took to writing his memoirs to regain his fortune, finishing them a few days before his death.

Grant, Ulysses S.

(1822–1885) 18th U.S. president; nicknamed “Unconditional Surrender.” [Am. Hist.: Kane, 523]
References in periodicals archive ?
Last year, Neuharth, a World War II hero who has met every president since Eisenhower, listed his five worst as Andrew Jackson, James Buchanan, Ulysses Grant, Herbert Hoover and Richard Nixon.
A scant year later, Mike Ballard, with his research into the psyches of Ulysses Grant and John Pemberton, provided an intermediate level opus on the Vicksburg Campaign.
General Ulysses Grant applied mustard packs to his feet, hoping to draw his frequent sick headaches from his head.
Eleven of the USA's 43 presidents, including Ulysses Grant, who visited Scotland, Andrew Jackson, Lyndon B Johnson, William McKinley, James Polk and Theodore Roosevelt were descended from Scots.
There's the Mexican War, which Abe Lincoln voted against authorizing during his one term in Congress and over which a young Ulysses Grant, who served with distinction during that conflict, always regretted that he had lacked the "moral courage" to quit the army.
Mark Twain, General Ulysses Grant and a young William Gladstone have all attended banquets at the hall and left the worse for wear.
To commemorate the friendship between General Ulysses Grant and Dr.
Ulysses Grant, Calvin Coolidge, and Warren Harding) are probably rated more on received wisdom than on assessments of their records.
El entonces presidente saliente, Ulysses Grant, terminaba dos mandatos consecutivos, marcados por escandalos, exactamente como Bill Clinton ahora, cuyo balance fue ensombrecido por el caso Monica Lewinsky.
He and Artemus Gordon, played by Kevin Kline, are called upon by President Ulysses Grant, also played by Kline, to find out what is happening to the country's top scientists, who are disappearing at a alarming rate.
And some of the throwaway visual ideas are neatly done, as when a rifleman steps out of a painting to shoot Jim West, or when we see our two agents walking up to the White House where President Ulysses Grant (also played by Kevin Kline) is in office and sheep are grazing on his lawn.
He was born Hiram Ulysses Grant on April 27, 1822, in the village of Point Pleasant, Ohio, then part of the frontier.