Ulysses S. Grant

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

Grant, (Hiram) Ulysses S.

(1822–85) eighteenth U.S. president; born in Point Pleasant, Ohio. The son of a tanner, he gained a place at West Point in 1839, from which he graduated with little distinction, except as a horseman. (It was at West Point that he was accidentally assigned the middle initial "S"; it is assumed it referred to his mother's maiden name, Simpson.) He served with considerable bravery in the Mexican War of 1846–48, but afterward languished in remote posts on the West Coast, taking to drink and finally resigning in 1854. He then spent six frustrating years in Missouri, farming and in other pursuits. When the Civil War began, he found a commission as a colonel and was promoted to general in August 1861. Soon he had proved himself the ablest of Northern leaders, winning a string of brilliant victories from 1862–63 that culminated in the capture of Vicksburg, Miss. After he had broken an apparently hopeless siege of Union forces in Chattanooga in late 1863, he was appointed by Lincoln to overall command of Union armies. In that post he created for the first time a single plan for the Union war effort; the main elements were Sherman's campaigns in Georgia and Grant's offensive against Lee in Virginia. After a year of brutal fighting, Lee surrendered to Grant in April 1865 and the Confederacy collapsed. The Republicans seized this war hero as their presidential candidate in 1868; he won a narrow victory in the popular vote. As president, he was out of his element; a cabinet of cronies and political contributors proved largely incompetent and corrupt, and Grant had no overall vision for the country. He managed to gain reelection in 1872 despite the Credit Mobilier and Whiskey Ring scandals and other sensations that would leave his administration—though not his personal integrity—tarnished. Grant left office to make a triumphant world tour, but did not succeed in his hopes for regaining the presidency. Having been swindled by a friend, he took to writing his memoirs to regain his fortune, finishing them a few days before his death.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.

Grant, Ulysses S.

(1822–1885) 18th U.S. president; nicknamed “Unconditional Surrender.” [Am. Hist.: Kane, 523]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
American Ulysses: A Life of Ulysses S. Grant, is a solid, workmanlike effort by Ronald C.
However, readers are urged to approach this book with an open mind, prepared to consider the possibility that a more balanced picture of Ulysses S. Grant will bring one closer to the truth.
"The Ulysses S. Grant Association holds copies of every known Setter to or by Grant, making our holdings a one-stop shop for researchers," Ward adds.
Earle Rice Jr.'s Ulysses S. Grant, Defender Of The Union (1931798486) and Robert E Lee: First Solider Of The Confederacy (1931-798478) each provide in-depth focus on two major leaders of the South.
Along with military prowess, Ulysses S. Grant possessed another rare skill: As a boy in Ohio, he "gained a statewide reputation" for taming wild steeds, Michael Korda writes in Ulysses S.
Ulysses S. Grant was no stranger to the liquor cabinet.
Oregon: Ryna Karnik, Oregon Episcopal School, Portland; Duy Minh Ha, Ulysses S. Grant H.S., Portland.
Any book that can lay down a quote from Aristotle and Maya Angelou on one page, then toss in comments from John Phillip Sousa, Suge Knight, a Dixie Chick, Yolanda Adams, Ulysses S. Grant and Eve later on--well, that's the type of book that you simply don't come across every day.
Unfortunately, this has been done already with books about what figures From Attila the Hun to Ulysses S. Grant might do in order to achieve success, so the spin is somewhat tir ed.
arms makers presented firearms to Ulysses S. Grant. Ranked high amongst the finest of these, this Smith & Wesson Model 1 1/2 New Issue revolver boasted embellishments by the foremost arms engraver in 19th century America: Gustave Young.
In 1875, President Ulysses S. Grant proposed a constitutional amendment that would require states to maintain a system of public schools free from sectarian influences and bar appropriations of tax aid to religious schools.
The latest biography of Ulysses S. Grant is an ambitious project by Jean Edward Smith.