Umar


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Umar

(o͞omär`) or

Omar

(ō`mär), c.581–644, 2d caliph (see caliphatecaliphate
, the rulership of Islam; caliph , the spiritual head and temporal ruler of the Islamic state. In principle, Islam is theocratic: when Muhammad died, a caliph [Arab.,=successor] was chosen to rule in his place.
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). At first hostile to Islam, he was converted by 618, becoming an adviser to Muhammad. He succeeded Abu BakrAbu Bakr
, 573–634, 1st caliph, friend, father-in-law, and successor of Muhammad. He was probably Muhammad's first convert outside the Prophet's family and alone accompanied Muhammad on the Hegira.
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 as caliph without opposition in 634. In his reign Islam became an imperial power. The Muslim generals pushed conquests far and wide—into Syria, Egypt, and the Persian Empire. Umar also laid the administrative base of the empire, creating the office of kadi and establishing fixed taxes. He reopened the canals of Mesopotamia and the waterway from the Nile to the Red Sea. Umar was assassinated by a foreign slave. He had appointed a group to select his successor, and the choice fell on UthmanUthman
or Othman
, c.574–656, 3d caliph (644–56), also known as Uthman ibn al-Affan; son-in-law of Muhammad. He belonged to the great Umayyad family and was selected as caliph after the murder of Umar.
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.

Omar

, Umar
died 644 ad, the second caliph of Islam (634--44). During his reign Islamic armies conquered Syria and Mesopotamia: murdered
References in periodicals archive ?
Umar said it was at the prime minister's discretion to decide whether to opt for the IMF programme or for the solution he had proposed.
Umar reiterated his disdain of Zardari and Nawaz Sharif, indicating that he is not going to opt for an ideological shift any time soon.
The fund's conditions also included a 6% upfront increase in the key interest rate, free float of exchange rate and increase in the tax-to-GDP ratio to 13.2% in the next fiscal year, said Umar. The former finance minister's speech would help end speculations that the deal struck by Adviser to Prime Minister on Finance Dr Abdul Hafeez Shaikh after Umar's ouster was different from what Pakistan had negotiated.
Umar resigned from the federal cabinet in April after PM Imran removed him from the finance ministry and offered him the energy ministry.
Asad Umar was picked by Imran Khan to improve the economic affairs of the country after PTI came to power by winning the general elections in 2018.
During a meeting of the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf's Parliamentary Party, Prime Minister Imran Khan said removing Asad Umar as finance minister was a difficult decision, however, he still considered him his right hand.
Asad Umar quit last month as finance minister after PM Imran Khan asked him to take portfolio of petroleum, which he refused and opted to step down.
After the gunmen left, the Daura council chairman Malam Abba Mato and hundreds of sympathizers came to Umar's residence, to discuss the bewildering incident.
Human Rights Minister Dr Shireen Mazari has also paid tribute to Umar saying he has quit his office in a dignified manner.
Earlier, Finance Minister Asad Umar on Wednesday, had presented the Pakistan Tehreek Insaf (PTI) government's third finance bill which is also the second supplementary budget by this government in the National Assembly.
But he hasn't a clue what Umar's address is, despite them sitting in his living room to film the show one night a week for six hours straight.
Clean gas from the Umar plant could be pumped to the 630MW power station of Mhardeh.