Umbelliferae


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Umbelliferae

[‚əm·bə′lif·ə‚rē]
(botany)
A large family of aromatic dicotyledonous herbs in the order Umbellales; flowers have an ovary of two carpels, ripening to form a dry fruit that splits into two halves, each containing a single seed.

Umbelliferae

 

(Apiaceae), a family of dicotyledonous plants related to the ginseng family. They are herbaceous plants—sometimes shrubs and small trees in the tropics and subtropics—with alternate, usually dissected coleophyllous leaves and often hollow stems. The inflorescences are compound but sometimes simple umbels or heads. The small flowers are usually bisexual and regular. The calyx, consisting of five small denticles at the apex of the gynaecium, is often inconspicuous but may sometimes be well developed. There are five petals and stamens, with the petal apexes usu-ally curved inward. The pistil has a half-inferior bilocular gynaecium and large developed honeycups. The fruit is a cremocarp, usually breaking up into dry monospermous lobes (mericarps) which hang from either an entire or, more often, bipartite column (carpophore). The seed has an endosperm and a small embryo and is usually fused with the pericarp. All the organs have well-developed conceptacles for essential oils and resins.

The family comprises over 280 genera (about 3,000 species), distributed over almost the entire globe, especially in the nontropical regions of the northern hemisphere. There are 140 genera (about 750 species) in the USSR. The family includes many useful plants: food plants (carrots, parsley, celery, dill, parsnip, caraway, coriander), essential-oil plants (coriander, anise, fennel, caraway, ajowan), and medicinal and industrial plants. Some members of the family are very toxic, including hemlock, cowbane, and fool’s-parsley. A number of species grow as weeds among crops.

REFERENCE

Flora SSSR, vols. 16–17. Moscow-Leningrad, 1950–51.

V. N. TIKHOMIROV

References in periodicals archive ?
Acetylenic compounds in the Umbelliferae. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 64(suppl): 279-291.
Las familias con mayor numero de especies son Compositae y Gramineae con 29 cada una (21.80%), Euphorbiaceae con 14 (10.52%), Solanaceae con 7 (5.26%) y Leguminosae con 6 (4.51%), que en conjunto constituyen 63.89% del total registrado; con cuatro especies se encontraron a Polygonaceae y Malvaceae, con tres Onagraceae y Oxalidaceae, con dos Scrophulariaceae, Amaranthaceae, Commelinaceae, Convolvulaceae, Cyperaceae, Labiatae, Loasaceae, Umbelliferae, Verbenaceae; las demas familias estan representadas por una sola (Cuadro 3).
Lamiaceae Tulsi pata 6 Centella asiatica (L.) Umbelliferae Bang pata Urb.
Some of the plants that will draw beneficial insects to your area include: parsley family (Umbelliferae) with angelica, caraway, coriander, cow parsnip, fennel, wild carrot, dill, lovage, black snakeroot; daisy and sunflower family (Compositae) with aster, joe pye weed, tansy, zinnia, marigold, dahlia, calendula, dandelion, coneflower, coreopsis, cosmos, golden rod, sunflower, yarrow; mustard family (Cruciferae); pea, bean and clover family (Leguminosae); rose family (Rosaceae); mint family (Labiatae).
Binodoxys brevicornis is recorded for the first time from Santa Fe, Argentina, parasitizing the aphid Hyadaphis foeniculi (Passerini) (honeysuckle aphid) in Foeniculum vulgare (Miller) (Apiaceae = Umbelliferae).
Anethum graveolens, commonly known as dill, is an annual medicinal plant with tiny yellow flowers belonging to the plant family Umbelliferae. The plant grows in Pakistan, India, Afghanistan, Middle East, Russia, Iran and Egypt [3].
Characteristics of Anethum Graveolens (Umbelliferae) Seed Oil: Seed Oil: Extraction, Composition And Antimicrobial Activity.
This is not surprising as both cumin and caraway, as well as parsley and dill, belong to the same plant family (Umbelliferae).
Echinophora platyloba belongs to Umbelliferae family and consists of four species including E.
Spices Family Local name Part used Cumin Umbelliferae Jeera Fruit (Cuminum cyminum) Clove Myrtaceae Labanga Flower stalk (Syzygium aromaticum) and bud Cinnamon Lauraceae Darchini Stem bark (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) Abbreviation Spices (ethanolic extract) Cumin CMN (Cuminum cyminum) Clove CLV (Syzygium aromaticum) Cinnamon CIN (Cinnamomum zeylanicum)
La experimentacion con dichas coberturas, desarrollada durante varios anos y resumida por Hilje (2008), incluyo una mezcla de vegetacion espontanea (plantas arvenses), las leguminosas mani forrajero (Arachis pintoi) y mucuna (Styzolobium deeringianum) (Fabaceae), el cinquillo (Drymaria cordata, Caryophyllaceae) y el culantro (Coriandrum sativum, Umbelliferae) (Amador y Hilje 1993, Blanco y Hilje 1995, Cubillo et al.