Umberto Nobile


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Nobile, Umberto

 

Born Jan. 21, 1885, in Lauro, Avellino. Italian dirigible designer.

In 1926, Nobile took part in R. Amundsen’s expedition as commander of the dirigible Norge, which he had designed. In 1928 he led the Italian expedition to the North Pole in the dirigible Italia, which crashed near Spitsbergen (of the eight members of the expedition who survived, seven were rescued by the Soviet expedition on the icebreaker Krasin; Nobile was saved by the Swedish pilot Lundborg). From 1932 to 1936, Nobile worked in Moscow as a leading dirigible designer. In 1939 he went to the USA. He returned to Italy after World War II and taught at a university in Naples.

WORKS

La preparazione e i resultati scientifici della spedizione potare dell’ Italia. Milan-Verona, 1938.

REFERENCES

Begounek, F. Tragediia v Ledovitom okeane. Moscow, 1962. (Translated from Czech.)
Samoilovich, R. L. Na spasenie ekspeditsii Nobile, 4th ed. Leningrad, 1967.
References in periodicals archive ?
It includes both the expeditions organized by other nations (Austria-Hungary, Sweden, Denmark, Norway) and the later ones, which were under direct Italian command: the Stella Polare (1899-1900), led by Amedeo Savoia, Duke of Abruzzi; and the airship Italia (1928), led by Umberto Nobile.
The Norwegian Roald Amundsen had been about to depart from Spitsbergen in the airship Norge with the Italian Umberto Nobile when Byrd appeared to have pipped him to the post by two days.
Krassin safely rescued the stranded survivors of the Italia airship, captained by Umberto Nobile, after it had crashed onto the Arctic ice after successfully reaching the North Pole.
On 18 June 1928, Amundsen joined a rescue operation to save another rival, Umberto Nobile.
1926: Roald Amundsen and Umberto Nobile became the first people to fly over the North Pole in a dirigible, or an airship like a blimp.
General Umberto Nobile and Amundsen were like fire and ice.
The next year, he did it in an airship with Umberto Nobile, of Italy.
Dwarfed by European giants of polar exploration, notably Roald Amundsen, Umberto Nobile, Bernt Balchen, Hubert Wilkins, and Hjalmar Riiser-Larsen, he was also indirectly overshadowed by Richard Byrd, the other American prominent in polar affairs of the 1920s and 1930s.
The efforts of the dictatorships in Russia and Italy to exploit the propaganda potential of the airship -- and especially the tragic simplicity of the story of the rise and fall of Umberto Nobile, the Italian airship pioneer -- also provide an illuminating parallel to what happened in Germany, both before and after Hitler came to power.
All were found, of course, 33 years after the balloonists' disappearance, by which time Roald Amundsen and Umberto Nobile had each reached 90'N in their carbon-copy dirigibles.