Umberto Nobile


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nobile, Umberto

 

Born Jan. 21, 1885, in Lauro, Avellino. Italian dirigible designer.

In 1926, Nobile took part in R. Amundsen’s expedition as commander of the dirigible Norge, which he had designed. In 1928 he led the Italian expedition to the North Pole in the dirigible Italia, which crashed near Spitsbergen (of the eight members of the expedition who survived, seven were rescued by the Soviet expedition on the icebreaker Krasin; Nobile was saved by the Swedish pilot Lundborg). From 1932 to 1936, Nobile worked in Moscow as a leading dirigible designer. In 1939 he went to the USA. He returned to Italy after World War II and taught at a university in Naples.

WORKS

La preparazione e i resultati scientifici della spedizione potare dell’ Italia. Milan-Verona, 1938.

REFERENCES

Begounek, F. Tragediia v Ledovitom okeane. Moscow, 1962. (Translated from Czech.)
Samoilovich, R. L. Na spasenie ekspeditsii Nobile, 4th ed. Leningrad, 1967.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the prologue, Bown catches the reader's attention by .describing the somewhat absurd vision of an Italian flag and fascist standard celebrating the attainment of General Umberto Nobile's flight over the North Pole in the airship Italia in 1928.
It includes both the expeditions organized by other nations (Austria-Hungary, Sweden, Denmark, Norway) and the later ones, which were under direct Italian command: the Stella Polare (1899-1900), led by Amedeo Savoia, Duke of Abruzzi; and the airship Italia (1928), led by Umberto Nobile. The presentation of each expedition follows the same pattern.
The Norwegian Roald Amundsen had been about to depart from Spitsbergen in the airship Norge with the Italian Umberto Nobile when Byrd appeared to have pipped him to the post by two days.
Marco Polo's 5,000-mile Silk Route expedition to China in the thirteenth century; Umberto Nobile's 1928 airship flight over the North Pole (and subsequent crash); Tenzing Norgay and Edmund Hillary scaling Mount Everest in 1953: what could be more exciting for youngsters than reading about these actual adventures?
Krassin safely rescued the stranded survivors of the Italia airship, captained by Umberto Nobile, after it had crashed onto the Arctic ice after successfully reaching the North Pole.
Krassin safely rescued the stranded survivors of the Italia airship, captained by Umberto Nobile, after it had crashed on to the Arctic ice after successfully reaching the North Pole.
On 18 June 1928, Amundsen joined a rescue operation to save another rival, Umberto Nobile.
1926: Roald Amundsen and Umberto Nobile became the first people to fly over the North Pole in a dirigible, or an airship like a blimp.
Narrative historian Fergus Fleming offers 45 stories, beginning with Marco Polo's foray into China in 1271 and ending with Umberto Nobile's journey to the North Pole by airship in 1928.
General Umberto Nobile and Amundsen were like fire and ice.