an Italian school of painting active from the 13th to early 16th centuries, with its center in Perugia. The Umbrian miniaturists won renown in the 13th century. Toward the late 14th and early 15th centuries, Umbria became one of the most important centers of Late Gothic art in Italy. Well-known masters included Gentile da Fabriano and O. Nelli.
The principles of the realistic Renaissance style prevailed in the Umbrian school beginning in the second half of the 15th century, under the influence of the Florentine school of painting. Of special note were the Umbrians Fiorenzo di Lorenzo, Perugino, Signorelli, Pintoricchio, and Raphael (before his move to Florence in 1504). Works of the Umbrian school are distinguished for their lyrical imagery, poetic rendering of nature, and delicate palette.