Omdurman

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Omdurman

(ŏmdərmän`), Arab. Umm Durman, city (1993 pop. 1,271,403), E central Sudan, on the White Nile opposite KhartoumKhartoum
, city (1993 pop. 947,483), capital of Sudan, a port at the confluence of the Blue Nile and White Nile rivers. Khartoum is Sudan's second largest city and its administrative center. Food, beverages, cotton, gum, and oilseeds are processed in the city.
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. It is the largest city and chief commercial center of Sudan and part of a tricity metropolitan area (with Khartoum and Khartoum North) that forms the country's industrial and cultural heart. Industries include leather tanning and furniture and pottery making.

In 1884 the MahdiMahdi
[Arab.,=he who is divinely guided], in Sunni Islam, the restorer of the faith. He will appear at the end of time to restore justice on earth and establish universal Islam. The Mahdi will be preceded by al-Dajjal, a Muslim antichrist, who will be slain by Jesus.
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 Muhammad Ahmad made his military headquarters at the village of Omdurman. After the Mahdist forces destroyed Khartoum (1885), the Mahdi's successor, Khalifa Addallah, made Omdurman his capital, and the city grew rapidly as the site of the Mahdi's tomb. The battle of Karari, which took place (1898) near Omdurman, marked the defeat of the Mahdist state in Sudan by the Anglo-Egyptian army of Lord Kitchener. Although most of the city was destroyed after the battle, the Mahdi's tomb has been restored and embellished. The Khalifa's former residence is now a museum.

Bibliography

See P. Ziegler, Omdurman (1974).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Omdurman

 

(Umm Durman), a city in the Sudan on the left bank of the White Nile River, at its confluence with the Blue Nile. Population, 258,500 (1971). Together with the cities of Khartoum and Khartoum North (on the right bank of the river), Omdurman forms a single metropolis, known as the Three Towns. The city is a transportation junction. It has textile, leather, and food-processing industries, as well as artisans’ shops. It is a center of trade for livestock, hides, fabrics, and gum arabic.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Omdurman

a city in the central Sudan, on the White Nile, opposite Khartoum: the largest town in the Sudan; scene of the Battle of Omdurman (1898), in which the Mahdi's successor was defeated by Lord Kitchener's forces. Pop.: 1 267 077 (1993)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Egypt has summoned its ambassador to Algeria for consultations on the backdrop of a World Cup football qualifying match played by Egypt and Algeria in Umm Durman near Khartoum in Sudan, Arab media reported on Friday.
The most prominent case that has kept all circles busy over the past few days is that of the match between Egypt and Algeria at the qualifications for the 2010 World Cup in South Africa, which took place two days ago on Saturday and ended with the victory of the Egyptian team with two clean goals, forcing their competitor, the Algerian team, to engage in a decisive match the day after tomorrow on Wednesday at the Al-Merreikh stadium in the city of Umm Durman in Sudan.
A large number of supporters of Al-Mahdi's Umma Party gathered in Umm Durman city, to the north of Khartoum, to welcome him.