Uncinariasis


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Uncinariasis

 

a disease of dogs and other carnivores, caused by tiny roundworms of the genus Uncinaria, which parasitize the small intestine. The Uncinaria, ubiquitous worms measuring 6–16 mm in length, have an oral capsule with two cutting plates. The eggs of the parasite are excreted with the host’s feces. Larvae emerge from the eggs and may enter the animal’s body with food or through the skin. Adult parasites traumatize the intestine wall, causing capillary hemorrhaging, anemia, and digestive disorders.

Symptoms in severely infested dogs and foxes include vomiting, diarrhea with blood in the stools alternating with constipation, severe emaciation, roughness of the coat, and sometimes death of the animal, most often of the young.

Bethenium with novocain or tetramisole is used to kill the parasites.

REFERENCES

See references under ANCYLOSTOMIASIS.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
En el caso del suelo, se trataba de la experiencia del programa para la erradicacion de la uncinariasis en los Estados del sur.
Entre las endemias producidas por parasitos intestinales se encontraban: la uncinariasis muy comun en las zonas donde se presentaban grandes aglomeraciones de trabajadores como las minas, cacaotales, cafetales, plantaciones de cana, situadas por lo general en tierras de climas calientes y humedos de Cundinamarca, Antioquia, Tolima y Santander; la disenteria -amibiana y bacilar-, fue durante el siglo XIX una enfermedad que en forma endemoepidemica ocupaba tierras de la zona del rio (27).
The diseases covered throughout the lifetime of the STM-Journal (1925-50), by order of frequency, are: Group I: schistosomiasis (59) and malaria (38); Group II: filariasis (24), tuberculosis (18), uncinariasis (17), and sprue (17); Group III: leprosy (14) and dermatomycosis (14); and Group IV: syphilis (11) and dysentery (10).
Quoting Sherman's phrase "agriculture is not only an industry, it is a vital regime," Morales associated the "decrease in the number of agrarian farms and small landowners" during the first decades of the twentieth century with the nutritional problems measured "from a biological point of view by scientists at the School of Tropical Medicine." These "demonstrated qualitatively and quantitatively the undernourished status in which the majority of Puerto Ricans live diminishing their efficiency and endurance and being, perhaps, the most important predisposing cause for some pathological states such as anemia and uncinariasis" (Morales Otero 1934: 102).
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