In addition, uncinate processes which are extended from lateral or posterolateral side of cervical vertebral body, are defined as bony protuberances, protuberentia, prominentia, etc.
Morphometric analysis of the uncinate processes of the cervical vertebrae.
Although the classic description of SSS includes enophthalmos, cases with lateralized uncinate processes
and increased orbital volumes on CT scans, but without clinical enophthalmos, have been reported.
The uncinate processes
at C5-6 could not be evaluated.
The screamers are a peculiar group in the Aves Class, because their bony adaptations (and therefore, muscular adaptations), the absence of uncinate processes
, two long and sharp metacarpal spurs, their bones are far more pneumatic than in others birds and the bony foramens development.
In those patients whose disease persists--without any signs of scarring, recirculation, retained uncinate processes
, or otherwise incomplete surgery--the CL procedure has proven to be effective.
Polypoid uncinate processes
as shown in these cases can best be excised with a microdebrider, which readily reveals hidden pathology in the ethmoid infundibulum by its simultaneous suctioning and cutting actions.