Underhill, John

Underhill, John,

c.1597–1672, military commander in the American colonies, b. England. In 1630 he accompanied John Winthrop (1588–1649) to Massachusetts Bay, and in 1637 he distinguished himself as a commander with John MasonMason, John,
c.1600–1672, American colonial military commander, b. England. He was an army officer before emigrating (c.1630) to Massachusetts and then (1635) to Windsor, Conn.
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 (c.1600–1672) in the Pequot War, of which he wrote an account in Newes from America (1638). Because of his ardent support of Anne HutchinsonHutchinson, Anne,
c.1591–1643, religious leader in New England, b. Anne Marbury in Lincolnshire, England. She emigrated (1634) with her husband and family to Massachusetts Bay, where her brilliant mind and her kindness won admiration and a following.
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 in the antinomian controversy, he fled (1638) to Dover, N.H., where he was briefly governor, opposing Massachusetts's claims to authority over the area. He returned to Massachusetts, was reinstated (1640) in the church, then moved to Stamford, Conn. Later in New Netherland he commanded (1644) for the Dutch against the Algonquin; he opposed Peter Stuyvesant and had to leave (1653) the colony but returned after the British conquest of 1664.

Bibliography

See biography by H. C. Shelley (1932).

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Underhill, John

(?1597–1672) soldier; born in England. He fought in the Pequot War in New England (1637); served as governor of the colony at Dover, N.H. (1638–40); and participated in the war against Holland (1664–65) that added New Amsterdam to English possessions in America.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.