Underwater Archaeology

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Archaeology, Underwater


the investigation of ancient and medieval remains located in seas, rivers, and lakes. The remains include sunken ships as well as settlements or burial grounds that were inundated as a result of a changed shoreline, an earthquake, or some other natural phenomenon. Underwater archaeology originated in the early 20th century, and operations were carried out by divers working from special vessels. Beginning in the mid-20th century, underwater operations by archaeological specialists outfitted with lightweight diving equipment acquired increasing importance.


Blavatskii, V. D., and G. A. Koshelenko. Otkrytie zatonuvshego mira. Moscow, 1963.
Underwater Archaeology: A Nascent Discipline. Paris, 1972.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The county, however, has embarked on a diversification programme that will include underwater archaeology, which, if harnessed, can increase revenues, not just for the county, but also for the much-needed inflows for Kenya.
George Schwarz, with the Underwater Archaeology Branch of Naval History and Heritage Command, gives some last minute instructions before the divers go overboard to collect measurements from what Schwarz believes is the XF8F-1 Bearcat.
Among the topics presented include the Spanish colonial shipyards in Sorsogon, by Mary Jane Bolunia of the National Museum (NM); underwater archaeology in the country, by Sheldon Clyde Jago-on, also from NM; influences on textile, by Fernando Zialcita of Ateneo de Manila University; the galleon's eastward trip from the Philippines to Mexico called tornaviaje, by historian Celestina Boncan; and the historical dimension of the galleon trade focusing on important and rare archival documents, by Regalado Trota JosE of the UST Archives.
Almost all of the pirate crew drowned, and the ship lay undiscovered until underwater archaeology located it in 1984.
This creative investigation of underwater archaeology and the provisions for shipowners in the Theodosian Code suggests the advantages gained from promoting the newer ships and the shipowners who helped provide them.
"These discoveries are extremely significant," said Pilar Luna, INAH's director of underwater archaeology. "Not only do they shed light on the origins of modern Americans, they clearly demonstrate the paleontological potential of the YucatEaAin Peninsula and the importance of conserving Mexico's unique heritage." The findings detailed in Science are noteworthy on numerous levels: "This expedition produced some of the most compelling evidence to date of a link between Paleoamericans, the first people to inhabit the Americas after the most recent ice age, and modern Native Americans.
The site had been investigated in the course of a series of dive surveys by the Underwater Archaeology Unit from his Department's National Monuments Service.
"We want to find more evidence that can prove Chinese people went there and lived there, historical evidence that can help prove China is the sovereign owner of the South China Sea," says Liu Shuguang, head of the Chinese government's Center of Underwater Cultural Heritage, set up in 2009 to oversee underwater archaeology in the country.
UNDERWATER archaeology sites could be explored as experts search for new discoveries from Bahrain's past.
Mastone, presenting "Underwater Archaeology: 17th-Century Nipmuck Mishoonahs in Lake Quinsigamond.'' Business meeting, 7:30 p.m.; lecture, 8 p.m.
The manuscripts were handed in the officials from The Ministry of Environment and Urban Planning and Underwater Archaeology Museum.

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