Grazing as well as physical presence of livestock has negative impact on grey goral distribution, as it is rare for wild ungulates
and domestic livestock to graze in the same area at same time.
These results of the proportions of the hindlimbs of these different groups show that as the length of the femur increases, the length of the lower leg increases similarly in felines, ungulates
and non-avian theropods, and significantly different than in existing and extinct cursorial birds (Table I).
We thank the hunters for collecting blood samples from wild boar; Mariana Boadella, Paqui Talavera, and Natacha Melo for providing assistance with ELISAs; the Direccao Geral de Alimentacao e Veterinaria for providing data on populations of domestic hosts and bovine TB incidence in cattle; and the Instituto de Conservacao da Natureza e Florestas for providing data on the number of hunted wild ungulates
Due to the difference between the body size of blue sheep and Alashan red deer, it was easy to differentiate the signs left by those two ungulates
. According to our experience from long-term field investigation, we found that the size and shape of their feces and hoofprints are different, the feces of blue sheep is one end pointed and the other blunt round, while the shape of Alashan red deer's is bullet-shaped or oval pattern (Tian 2008), and the bullet-shaped tip is less sharp than those of blue sheep.
Private ranches tend to provide sufficient pasture to both wild and domestic ungulates
due to various land-use management interventions; however, range utilization by cattle is seasonal depending on forage availability.
Vegetation responds to such disturbance by initiating secondary succession significantly increasing availability of forage for ungulates
for several decades (Visscher and Merrill 2008).
Unexplained sexual segregation in polygamous ungulates
: a defence of an ontogenetic approach.
Speaking at the opening ceremony, Constantinos Nicolaides, the Interior Ministry Permanent Secretary, said that participation showed the increased interest that exists in the protection of mountain ungulates
, "from the European Alps to the Himalayas, in Canada`s Rocky Mountains, the vast Siberia, as well in the Troodos mountains" in Cyprus.
foraging in a multiple-use landscape alter forest nitrogen budgets?
Measuring winter browse utilization of trees and shrubs by ungulates
is performed by ecologists to understand ungulate
diet choice and feeding requirements, and to provide important information for sound range and ungulate
management programs (Jensen and Urness 1981).
Large numbers of ungulates
are present in west Rajaji, but the choked corridor is proving to be a major hurdle in free movement of the tigers.
The Karakoram Hindu Kush and Himalayan mountain areas of Pakistan (Gilgit-Baltistan) are known to have significant populations of globally important wildlife species ungulates
being prominent of these which have never been studied systematically before.