Union of Churches

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Union of Churches


a plan for the unification of the Orthodox and Catholic churches on the condition that the former recognize the primacy of the pope while maintaining its own rituals and conducting services in the vernacular.

In the 13th century, a union was sought not only by the papacy, which thereby hoped to subordinate the Orthodox Church to its authority, but also by the Byzantine emperors, who sought to obtain aid from the papacy in combating the numerous enemies of Byzantium, especially the Seljuk Turks. Despite the opposition of the majority of the Orthodox clergy, the Byzantine emperor concluded a union at the Second Council of Lyon in 1274. The union, however, was not accepted in Byzantium either by the clergy or the populace, and it was condemned by the Council of Constantinople in 1285. Another union was concluded in Florence in 1439, but it was rejected by the Council of Jerusalem in 1443 and by subsequent councils of the Orthodox Church.

After the fall of Byzantium, the papacy tried in vain to incline the Russian state toward a union of churches. With the help of the government of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, the papacy succeeded in forcing the Union of Brest of 1596 on the Ukrainian and Byelorussian peoples and, with the help of the Hungarian feudal lords, in introducing the Union of Uzhgorod of 1649 into Transcarpathia and what is now Czechoslovakia; in 1699 the union was extended to the Orthodox inhabitants of Transylvania. The Union of Brest was officially dissolved in 1946; in Transylvania it was annulled in 1948, in Transcarpathia (USSR) in 1949, and in Czechoslovakia in 1950.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
On May 25, 2019, two opposing groups celebrated the anniversary in separate venues one at Ellinwood-Malate Church, venue of the formal signing of the union of churches that formed the UCCP in 1948, and the other at Union Theological Seminary in Cavite.
The president of the Wesleyan Reform Union of Churches Andy Wilcock visited Zion Chapel on Sunday, The visit commenced with a buffet tea.
She learned her trade at the Union of Churches Institute and has occupied the same seat in her modest shop ever since.
His thoughts are shared by the National Leader of Baptist Churches of New Zealand, which says the Westcity Bible Baptist Church is not part of the Baptist Union of churches, and that Robertson's views would never be endorsed by the group.
Belgian Protestant Churches, 1830-2012, Listed by Denomination Denomination 1830 1865 1909 Union of Churches 16 16 26 Belgian Evangelical Missionary Church 19 42 Reformed Church 2 Silo Mission (Flemish) 8 Methodist Church [In 1979 the preceding churches merged as:] United Protestant Church of Belgium Other churches affiliated with the U.PC.B.
In preparing this article on the possibilities we foresee in the Evangelical Church of the River Plate (Iglesia Evang31ica del R[R]o de la Plata--IERP) regarding the union of churches in our context, I realized that I first need to introduce the IERP in order to say what our vision is and then proceed to focus on our ecclesiology and role within ecumenical relationship s in our area.
Most interesting also is the effort of the "Nazi bishop," Alois Hudal, to persuade Pope Pius XII to agree to a union of churches on the basis of the Nazi worldview of the primordial German racial superiority and its consequent future of political and social evolution as the super race.
The founding of the United Church was also the world's first union of churches from different founding backgrounds.
|The president of the Wesleyan Reform Union of Churches George Phillips along with the General Secretary, the Rev Colin Braithwaite, visited Zion Chapel on Sunday.
Of central concern was the proposed union of churches in West Africa (Nigeria) and the Near East (Iran).
A light lunch was served afterwards a service attended by the president and general secretary of the union of churches. The service next week will be taken by Mike Smith.
Union of churches has everywhere been costly; the separated traditions do not simply balance out without any one of them being challenged to meet the cost.

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