Union of United Mountaineers

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Union of United Mountaineers


a counterrevolutionary organization in the Northern Caucasus, created by mountaineer (gortsy) feudal lords and the bourgeois nationalist intelligentsia at the First Congress of Mountaineers, held in May 1917 in Vladikavkaz. The union was headed by the Kumyk prince R. Kh. Ka-planov, the Chechen oil industrialist T. Chermoev, the former Ingush official V. Dzhabagiev, and the Kabardin stud-farm owner P. Kotsev. In November 1917 the union proclaimed the creation of the Gortsy Republic and the Gortsy Government. It published the newspaper Gorskaia zhizn’.

The union belonged to the Southeastern Union of Cossack Troops, Mountaineers of the Caucasus, and Free Peoples of the Steppes, and its leadership belonged to the Terek-Dagestan Government. With the formation of the Terek Soviet Republic in 1918, the Gortsy Government fled to Tbilisi, where it continued its counterrevolutionary activities until February 1921, when it emigrated abroad.


Korenev, D. Z. Revoliutsiia na Tereke, 1917–1918 gg. [Ordzhonikidze, 1967.]
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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