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(1) In a broad sense, a synonym for the anti-Trinitarians.

(2) In a narrower sense, the Protestant anti-Trinitarians, who since the Reformation of the 16th century constitute the left, rationalist wing of Protestantism. The term “Unitarian” became current in the mid-16th to early 17th centuries and from 1638 was adopted by the adherents of Unitarianism themselves.

Besides denying the dogma of the Trinity, which they view as a recidivist pagan polytheism, the Unitarians reject the Christian dogma about the Fall and the sacraments, including those recognized by the Protestants, such as baptism and communion. The Unitarians were continually persecuted by both the Catholics and the Orthodox. In the late 16th and early 17th centuries, the Unitarians were based in Poland (the Socinians are a branch of Unitarians) and Hungary, and from the late 17th century, in England. (A law providing for the death penalty for Unitarians in Great Britain was revoked only in 1813.) In the early 19th century the Unitarians achieved their greatest numbers in the USA, with Harvard University being the most important center. As of the 1970’s, most Unitarians are in the USA (about 150,000) and Great Britain (about 20,000).

References in periodicals archive ?
Buddhist representatives (especially those associated with Shinshu Otani-ha, whose main temple is Higashi Honganji in Kyoto) and Unitarian followers had considerable interaction, as Mohr expertly shows, which led to intriguing debates about "universality.
Given the ironic distance that dominates Mann's earlier works, it comes as a surprise that in exile he joined the First Unitarian Church of Los Angeles, developed a close relationship with two ministers, personally arranged the baptism of four of his grandchildren in the same church, gave a speech regarding what he called "applied Christianity" (178), co-authored a flyer against McCarthyism with his church's pastor, Stephen Fritchman; and even financially supported the Unitarian Church in Los Angeles after he returned to Switzerland.
For those unfamiliar with Unitarian Universalism (UU), there is a joke that if a UU finds him or herself on a road where one turn is marked "To Heaven" and the other is marked "To a Discussion of Heaven," the UU will pick the second.
Wahhab praised the courage of Unitarian fighters in Al-Soueida'a, expressing readiness to support and aid them if need arises.
The possibility of making him a member of parliament was partly the result of his support for the Unitarians.
Her mother, Elizabeth Holland, from a prominent Unitarian family in Cheshire, died in October 1811.
The First Unitarian Church of Worcester is the second oldest church in Worcester.
Mike Tomlin will be honoured later this month by the General Assembly of Unitarian and Free Christian Churches.
The campaign is calling on Defence Secretary John Reid to grant all the soldiers pardons, and is likely to receive formal support from the Unitarian and Free Christian Churches when they hold their general assembly next week.
The historic Christian faith is Trinitarian not Unitarian.
Unitarian minister James Martineau was one of the founders of the influential Metaphysical Society.
This study aims to bury the old saying that nineteenth-century Unitarians believed in "the fatherhood of God, the brotherhood of man, and the neighborhood of Boston.

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