Unitary State

(redirected from Unitary Republic)

Unitary State

 

In contrast to a federation, which is composed of federative units, such as states or Länder, a unitary state is divided into administrative and territorial units, such as departments, regions, and districts. The unitary state has a single constitution for the entire state, a general system of laws, and a unified system of bodies of state power. These attributes of the unitary state provide the necessary organizational and legal bases for the centralized guidance of social processes and for the maintenance of strong central authority in the state. All socialist states are unitary states, with the exceptions of the USSR, Czechoslovakia, and Yugoslavia, which are socialist federations.

Most contemporary bourgeois states—including Great Britain, France, Italy, and Japan—are unitary states. In contemporary bourgeois federations—such as the USA, the Federal Republic of Germany, and Canada—the processes of economic and political centralization, which are characteristic of the period of statemonopoly capitalism, lead to the dominance of unitary tendencies; in these countries the role and influence of federal bodies of state power are constantly growing.

References in periodicals archive ?
It is no good harking back to the 1960 constitution and the creation of Cyprus as a precious little unitary republic to be preserved at all costs -- as some Greek Cypriots do -- because last time it all ended in tears.
What China has done is related to the territorial zone of the Unitary Republic of Indonesia," said Zaini, who admitted that the potential dispute would have a large impact on the security of Natuna waters.
In today's article Ljume Hyseni says that if the Ohrid Agreement and the unitary Republic of Macedonia are dead, what is the alternative for ethnic Albanians?
Kedward is very good on the unitary republic and the problems this poses for notions of pluralism as well as any meaningful relationship with the regions.
Indonesia is currently attempting to redistribute political power away from the unitary republic for a more decentralized system in which decisions would increasingly be made at the provincial and local levels.
In 1950 the decision was made to transform the newly independent United States of Indonesia into the unitary Republic of Indonesia.
This was because the State of Eastern Indonesia (NIT) of which the Ambonese islands were a part, opted in early 1950 to join the unitary Republic of Indonesia as did the other so called independent states of RIS.
Amilbangsa argued that the mutual relations between the United States and Moroland under the Kiram-Bates Treaty of 1899 should instead be held as the status quo, and thus prevail over the establishment of a Philippine republic and the creation of the Moro Province (later the Department of Mindanao and Sulu), under the unitary republic.
Some people claim that the BDP's long-term objective is to turn the unitary republic into a federal one.
For more than a century since Rizal's essay was published, we have gone through five centralized unitary republics, including the present one.