Unitary State

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Unitary State

 

In contrast to a federation, which is composed of federative units, such as states or Länder, a unitary state is divided into administrative and territorial units, such as departments, regions, and districts. The unitary state has a single constitution for the entire state, a general system of laws, and a unified system of bodies of state power. These attributes of the unitary state provide the necessary organizational and legal bases for the centralized guidance of social processes and for the maintenance of strong central authority in the state. All socialist states are unitary states, with the exceptions of the USSR, Czechoslovakia, and Yugoslavia, which are socialist federations.

Most contemporary bourgeois states—including Great Britain, France, Italy, and Japan—are unitary states. In contemporary bourgeois federations—such as the USA, the Federal Republic of Germany, and Canada—the processes of economic and political centralization, which are characteristic of the period of statemonopoly capitalism, lead to the dominance of unitary tendencies; in these countries the role and influence of federal bodies of state power are constantly growing.

References in periodicals archive ?
But former Chief Justice Reynato Puno suggested that the BTC may draft two other versions of the BBL, one tailored for the current unitary system of government and the other suited for the proposed shift to a federal form of government.
The unitary system of government has been with us since the 1935 Constitution and even earlier, and we know our experience with the unitary government, and I like to think that the country can achieve a better progress if we shift from unitary government to federal form of government,' he said, adding that federalism can help spur economic growth.
The Government of India Act, 1919, retained the unitary system but allowed the governor general to make ordinances in cases of emergency for six months.
President Duterte is the biggest advocate for the switch to a federal system of government from the current unitary system, which has been criticized as being "overly-centralized.
Professionals and experts of accounting have underlined the need of improvement in the current accounting system for strengthening of public finance management as the country transitions toward federal system from the unitary system.
PDP-Laban is the natural party of those that have been marginalized by the unitary system of government," Pimentel added.
What is more, the president, who is a leader of the ruling party, said in his New Year broadcast that he did not believe the problems of the nation lie in the structure of the country or form of government, considering we have tried confederate structure with weaker centre and unitary system with stronger centre in the past.
In Turkey, when the unitary system collapses, it will be easy for these individual states to conduct a referendum to divide the nation with the new rights they will obtain through legislation.
I had been always of the view that a solution under a unitary system will never help to find a solution and as the only alternative the Indian Model may be adopted, without leaving room for any division of the country, if necessary with guarantees by India.
suggested a new fault detection filter design that relaxes the existing conditions by adapting the unitary system principle in approximation of fault detection filter transfer function matrix for continuous-time linear MIMO systems.
14) and "This model combines the unitary system of the French system with the powers and authorities of the US president.
As an alternative to the unitary system that has failed to create the rule of law over the past few decades, the new system will afford Yemenis the opportunity to manage their local affairs for themselves.