Unitary Transformation(redirected from Unitary transform)
unitary transformation[′yü·nə‚ter·ē ‚tranz·fər′mā·shən]
a linear transformation
with complex coefficients that leaves invariant the sum of the squares of the absolute values of the transformed quantities
Since it preserves the length
of a vector x with components x1,x2, . . ., xn, a unitary transformation is the extension to a complex n-dimensional vector space of the notion of a rotation in the Euclidean plane or in Euclidean 3-space. The coefficients of a unitary transformation form a unitary matrix. The unitary transformations of an n-dimensional complex space form a group under multiplication. If the coefficients uij and the transformed quantities xi are real, then the unitary transformation reduces to an orthogonal transformation of an n-dimensional real vector space.