United Arab Republic

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United Arab Republic,

political union (1958–61) of EgyptEgypt
, Arab. Misr, biblical Mizraim, officially Arab Republic of Egypt, republic (2015 est. pop. 93,778,000), 386,659 sq mi (1,001,449 sq km), NE Africa and SW Asia.
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 and SyriaSyria
, officially Syrian Arab Republic, republic (2015 est. pop. 18,735,000), 71,467 sq mi (185,100 sq km), W Asia. It borders on Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea in the west, on Turkey in the northwest and north, on Iraq in the east and south, and on Jordan and Israel in the
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. The capital was Cairo. The two countries were merged (1958) into a single unit comprising the Southern (Egypt) and the Northern (Syria) Regions, with Gamal Abdal NasserNasser, Gamal Abdal
, 1918–70, Egyptian army officer and political leader, first president of the republic of Egypt (1956–70). A revolutionary since youth, he was wounded by the police and expelled (1935) from secondary school in Cairo for leading an anti-British
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 as president. As an initial step toward creating a pan-Arab union, the republic abolished Syrian and Egyptian citizenship, termed its inhabitants Arabs, and called the country "Arab territory." It considered the Arab homeland to be the entire area between the Persian Gulf and the Atlantic coast. With Yemen (North Yemen), it formed (1958) a loose federation called the United Arab States. In 1961, Syria withdrew from the union after a military coup, and Yemen soon followed, thus ending the union. Egypt continued to use the name until 1971.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

United Arab Republic


the official name of a unified state comprising Egypt and Syria that existed from February 1958 to September 1961. From Sept. 28, 1961, to Sept. 11, 1971, it was the official name of Egypt, which was later renamed the Arab Republic of Egypt.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Ba'thi coups in Iraq, on 8 February 1963, and in Syria, on 8 March, paved the way for unity talks between Egypt, Syria, and Iraq culminating in the proclamation of a new United Arab Republic on 17 April.(46) Anticipating the effect of the unity talks on the domestic arena, the regime altered its position from regional confrontation to accommodation.
492 of February 1956); Citizenship Law of the United Arab Republic No.
Summary: A video circulating online shows late Shaikh Rashid on an official visit to the United Arab Republic in Cairo
Championing calls for Arab unity, in 1958 Nasser merged Egypt and Syria, forming the United Arab Republic. The bid fizzled out three years later.
Championing calls for Arab unity, in 1958 Nasser merged Egypt and Syria forming the United Arab Republic. The bid fizzled out three years later.
Borrowing its title from the name of a sovereign union agreement between Egypt and Syria in the late fifties, the research-based project explores perceptions of Nasser, former president of Egypt and the United Arab Republic, as the hero and the anti-hero, and examines the dichotomy between his promises and failures.
Al Za'im triggered a series of coups and counter-coups that rocked the young republic throughout the 1950s and 1960s - until Egyptian President Jamal Abdul Nasser, who had become a household name in Damascus after the Suez War, merged Syria and Egypt in 1958 to form the United Arab Republic (UAR).
Abdelatty pointed out that Egypt and Syria used to be one nation during the reign of Gamal Abdel Nasser as the United Arab Republic from 1958 to 1961.
The Syrian press preferred to write about the coup d'etat that brought down the United Arab Republic 48 years ago, emphasising that they are still committed to Arab unity.
Selected from presentation at an October 2018 international conference on harmonization between architecture and nature in the New Forest, England, 14 papers explore such matters as eco-traditional courtyard houses in the United Arab Republics: a case study of the Sharjah museums, a health-oriented evaluation of the spatial distribution of urban green space in the Wuhan inner city area of China, circular city: a methodological approach for sustainable districts and communities, a shape grammar approach to climatically adaptable facade systems with real time performance evaluation, and rethinking the building envelope: building integrated energy positive solutions.
The stories are harrowing and heartbreaking: babes in arms carried into mercury-poisoned waters in Accra, Ghana, as their mothers are forced to pan for gold; thousands of young Pakistani boys stolen from the streets or sold by their impoverished parents to be camel jockeys for rich oil sheikhs in the United Arab Republics; young women kidnapped in gender-imbalanced China and forced to be wives.
By continuing to create enriched uranium suitable to be weaponized for its latest ballistic missile, the Shahab-3, Iran already has established itself as not only a threat to Israel, but to Turkey, a NATO nation; Egypt, with its pro-West government; Jordan, also pro-West; and the United Arab Republics. These are all nations where the West has strategic interests.

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