Habitat

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habitat

the environment in which an animal or plant normally lives or grows

Habitat

The sum of the environmental conditions that determine the existence of a community in a specific place where humans, animals, plants, and microorganisms live and its surroundings, both living and nonliving.

Habitat

 

an area of land or water occupied by an organism, a group of a single species, a biocenosis, or a synousia and possessing all conditions required for its existence (climate, topography, soil, food).

The habitat of a species is defined as the total area within the species’ range of distribution that satisfies the species’ ecological requirements. The habitat of a population is the part of the species’ habitat that will guarantee the existence of a population. The habitat of an individual is the actual area occupied by a given individual in all phases of its development. There are also animal habitats of family, herd, flock, or colony. There are plant habitats of groves, beds, and other communities. In terms of the use of a habitat, organisms are classified as stenotopic, occupying similar habitats only, and eurytopic, capable of occupying a variety of habitats within the given range of distribution.

The habitats of many species vary with the stage of development in the organism’s life cycle. For example, the larvae of amphibians usually live in water, and the adults on land. Many parasites have a dormant phase outside the given host and an active phase within the host (often limited even to certain organs). The various developmental phases of many parasitic plants are associated with different plant hosts. The part of the habitat that a species occupies for a limited time only (a season, a part of a day) or for a particular purpose (feeding, reproduction) is called a station. The habitat of a biocenosis is called a biotope.

REFERENCES

Naumov, N. P. Ekologiia zhivotnykh, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1963.
Osnovy lesnoi biogeotsenologii. Edited by V. N. Sukachev and N. V. Dylis. Moscow, 1964.

N. P. NAUMOV

habitat

[′hab·ə‚tat]
(ecology)
The part of the physical environment in which a plant or animal lives.

Habitat

(networking, graphics)
The original term for on-line graphical virtual communities or worlds. Created at Lucasfilm in 1985 by Randy Farmer and Chip Morningstar.

http://communities.com/habitat.html.
References in periodicals archive ?
ISLAMABAD -- The United Nations Human Settlements Programme in Pakistan will hold a Lessons Learnt Workshop of Pakistan's first Integrated Resource Recovery Center (IRRC) here on January 20.
BNA) -- On the sidelines of the 6th World Urban Forum, the Municipalities Affairs and Urban Planning Ministry signed here today a Cooperation Agreement in the field of Sustainable Urban Environment (SUE) with the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat).
HIS HIGHNESS SAID IN A MESSAGE ADDRESSED TO THE WORLD ON THE OCCASION OF THE CELEBRATIONS BY THE UNITED NATIONS HUMAN SETTLEMENTS PROGRAMME (UN-HABITAT) OF THE WORLD HABITAT DAY WHICH FALLS ON MONDAY -- THAT PLANNING IS AN IMPORTANT TOOL IN SUSTAINABLE URBANIZATION AND AS A MEANS TO CURB THE RAMPANT URBANIZATION THAT IS SPREADING ACROSS MANY POOR CITIES IN THE WORLD.
279 of 2015, which includes the endorsement of the road map that was submitted by the United Nations Human Settlements Programme, paved the way for the implementation of the National Program for the Rehabilitation and Regularization of Informal Settlements In Iraq, and contributed to addressing the problem in a comprehensive manner in terms of its political, economic, health, physical and social aspects, within a sustainable and practical framework.
The United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) and the Development Centre of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) are pleased to participate at the historic Habitat III conference and reiterate our shared commitment to work together to support efforts by developing countries to address the financing gaps their cities face.
Joan Clos, Executive Director of the United Nations Human Settlements Programme - UN-Habitat praised the Regional Reports for Housing and Sustainable Urban Development prepared for the Conference jointly by the Habitat III Secretariat, UN Regional Commissions and UN-Habitat and invited the Regional Commissions to continue the cooperation.
This atlas was developed as part of the Future of Afghan Cities programme (FoAC), implemented under the leadership of four government partners: Ministry of Urban Development and Housing (MUDH), Independent Directorate of Local Governance (IDLG), Afghanistans Independent Land Authority (ARAZI) and Kabul Municipality (KM); with technical assistance from the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) and financial support from the Government of Australia and the Government of United Kingdom.
The Paris Declaration Agreement was launched in Paris on World AIDS Day in 2014 by the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care (IAPAC), the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), and the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat), as part of an effort to dramatically reduce new HIV infections and future AIDS-related deaths through increasing testing, treatment and education.
This action will be implemented by the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN Habitat), together with United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA).
The progress achieved under the project Establishing a Building Control Regime for the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KR-I), funded by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and implemented by the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat), was discussed in a ministerial meeting held in Ebril late last month.

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