Universal Declaration of Human Rights

(redirected from United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights)
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

 

a declaration adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on Dec. 10, 1948. The declaration consists of a preamble and 30 articles. It is based on the principles of the United Nations Charter concerning the need to develop international cooperation and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights proclaims fundamental personal rights: the equality of all persons without distinction of any kind; the right to life, liberty, and security of person, without attacks upon any person’s honor and reputation; and the right to a home and to a fair hearing by an impartial tribune in the determination of one’s rights. The declaration also proclaims civil and political rights and freedoms, such as the right of asylum and the right to freedom of conscience and religion, and social and economic rights, such as the right to work and to free choice of employment, to just and safe conditions of work, to protection against unemployment, and to equal pay for equal work. Everyone is entitled to all these rights and freedoms without distinction of any kind such as race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other views, national or social origin, property, birth, or other status. The Soviet Union regards the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as a progressive instrument but abstained from voting on it, since it made no provision for the adoption of definite measures to implement the proclaimed rights and freedoms.

Following the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, a number of international conventions were drawn up, such as the Convention on Political Rights of Women (1952), the Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery (1956), and the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples (1960).

S. A. IVANOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Universal primary education was enshrined as a human right in the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948.
We firmly uphold our basic human and civil rights to full and equal participation in society as called for in the Americans with Disabilities Act and the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights. We consider independent living and the availability of support services to be critical to the exercise of our full human and civil rights, responsibilities and privileges.
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The republic has either ratified or accepted the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948), the UN International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966), and the UN Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief (1981).

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