United Provinces

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United Provinces:

see NetherlandsNetherlands
, Du. Nederland or Koninkrijk der Nederlanden, officially Kingdom of the Netherlands, constitutional monarchy (2015 est. pop. 16,938,000), 15,963 sq mi (41,344 sq km), NW Europe.
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United Provinces,

former state, N India, now almost coextensive with the modern state of Uttar Pradesh. The United Provinces embraced the plain of the Ganges, the heartland of India. This region was the scene of the ancient Hindu epics, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. Invasions, battles, and the rise of great kingdoms occurred there. Many Hindu pilgrims flock to the holy cities along the Ganges, notably PrayagrajPrayagraj,
formerly Allahabad
, city (1991 pop. 844,546), Uttar Pradesh state, N central India. It is a district administrative headquarters and trading center and has an airport and a university.
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 (formerly Allahabad) and VaranasiVaranasi
, formerly Benares
, city (1991 pop. 1,030,863), Uttar Pradesh state, N central India, on the Ganges River. Although a rail hub and trade center, Varanasi is chiefly important as a holy city.
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 (formerly Benares). The east, as the scene of Buddha's life, remains sacred to Buddhism. Though the region was overwhelmingly Hindu in population, it was under Muslim rule from the 12th to the 18th cent. Great Britain first acquired territory there in 1764. The United Provinces of Agra and Oudh was formed in 1877 by merging the presidency of Agra and the kingdom of OudhOudh
, historic region of N central India, now part of the state of Uttar Pradesh. Its early history centers around the ancient kingdom of Kosala, which had Ayodhya (formerly Oudh) as its capital. The region passed under Gupta rule in the 4th cent. A.D.
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. The provincial area was occupied by rebels in the Indian MutinyIndian Mutiny,
1857–58, revolt that began with Indian soldiers in the Bengal army of the British East India Company but developed into a widespread uprising against British rule in India. It is also known as the Sepoy Rebellion, sepoys being the native soldiers.
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. After the partition of India in 1947, many Muslims migrated from the United Provinces to Pakistan. In 1950 the new state of Uttar Pradesh was formed.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

United Provinces


(United Provinces of Agra and Oudh), from 1902 to 1950, a province of India composed of the historic regions of Agra and Oudh. In 1950 the United Provinces became the state of Uttar Pradesh in the Republic of India.

United Provinces


(Republic of the United Provinces), seven Netherlands provinces (Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Geld- erland, Friesland, Groningen, and Overijssel) that, as a result of the Netherlands bourgeois revolution of the 16th century, freed themselves from Spanish rule and established the first bourgeois republic in the world. The leading province of Holland gave its name to the Republic of Holland and to the country. The United Provinces existed until 1795. (SeeNETHERLANDS, THE: Historical survey.)

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Portrait conventions from the turn of the century show figures in the usual three-quarter pose, which was thought to capture the most individualized aspects of the human face, with the sober garb associated with the Calvinist United Provinces. Attributes such as books, gloves, and swords attest to the piety, wealth, and status of the sitter, while inscriptions typically identify the sitter's age and the year in which the portrait was executed.
Ltd., participated in United Provinces' Real Estate Show 2013.
The United Provinces, though Protestant, tended to be latitudinarian enough for Catholic Scots, she explains, and were alive with continental intellectual ferment during the period.
It was not naval success (192) that led to peace between England and the United Provinces in 1673, but parliamentary opinion.
In 1823, Honduras joined the United Provinces of Central America, but social and economic differences between Honduras and its neighbors led to the federation's collapse in 1839.
"Her husband, Major Gerald Hartas FitzGerald IMS, was responsible for the medical services of the United Provinces of India and, after the ceremony, the bride wrote anxious letters to her mother enquiring about the dress.
Religion is nominated for this role in a translation of a Dutch tract from 1673, The Interest of These United Provinces:
Group A should include the Hindu-majority provinces of Madras, Bombay, United Provinces, Bihar, Central Provinces and Orissa.
Ending both the 30 Years' War and the 80 Years' War, the treaties recognised the independence of The United Provinces of the Netherlands from Spain; they also recognised the Swiss Confederacy's independence from the influence of the Holy Roman Empire and the House of Habsburg.
Liotard's first visit to London, where he profitted from friendships made in Constantinople, followed and also his first to the United Provinces, where, at The Hague, he bought a large collection of 17th-century paintings, signalling the beginning of his career as a collector and a dealer.
Britain claimed sovereignty over these islands in 1833, while the United Provinces of the River Plate (later Argentina) had a settlement presence there several years earlier.

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