Universal Declaration of Human Rights


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Universal Declaration of Human Rights

 

a declaration adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on Dec. 10, 1948. The declaration consists of a preamble and 30 articles. It is based on the principles of the United Nations Charter concerning the need to develop international cooperation and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights proclaims fundamental personal rights: the equality of all persons without distinction of any kind; the right to life, liberty, and security of person, without attacks upon any person’s honor and reputation; and the right to a home and to a fair hearing by an impartial tribune in the determination of one’s rights. The declaration also proclaims civil and political rights and freedoms, such as the right of asylum and the right to freedom of conscience and religion, and social and economic rights, such as the right to work and to free choice of employment, to just and safe conditions of work, to protection against unemployment, and to equal pay for equal work. Everyone is entitled to all these rights and freedoms without distinction of any kind such as race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other views, national or social origin, property, birth, or other status. The Soviet Union regards the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as a progressive instrument but abstained from voting on it, since it made no provision for the adoption of definite measures to implement the proclaimed rights and freedoms.

Following the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, a number of international conventions were drawn up, such as the Convention on Political Rights of Women (1952), the Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery (1956), and the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples (1960).

S. A. IVANOV

References in periodicals archive ?
On Human Rights Day, we celebrate the anniversary of the ratification of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and honor those around the world who work tirelessly to advance fundamental rights like freedom, justice, and equality, said Senator Coons.
The principles of Universal Declaration of Human Rights are as relevant today as these were in 1948 and underline the need for standing up for ours and others rights.
Thomas Kolly, Ambassador of the Switzerland said: 'The Universal Declaration of Human Rights has set forth a common standard of achievement for all people and all nations and is as relevant as was in 1948.
The Palestinian journalists have the right to cover events according to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights article Number 19, which states Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.
Access to information, informing the people, involvement of the community, the right of every person to seek various forms of information and ideas and receive and impart them: are all phrases included in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights," Jreij said at a seminar organized by the Beirut Bar Association and the Internet Society's Lebanon Chapter, titled
Geagea said that "The whole cause of humanity embodied in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the previous and subsequent conventions, poses the most important challenge for the international community," noting that the responsibility of the free world lies in the protection of such a great historical achievement.
The UN General Assembly proclaimed December 10 as Human Rights Day in 1950, to bring to the attention "of the peoples of the world" the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as the common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations.
They will discuss developments since 1948's Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
British historian Charlotte Waterlow, author of The Hinge of History, told me that When the UN's Universal Declaration of Human Rights was being drafted, Eleanor Roosevelt, who was a delegate to the commission that wrote the United Nations Charter, personally intervened to block all references to God in order to make the declaration acceptable to communist nations.
Securing dignity and freedom through human rights; article 22 of the Universal declaration of human rights.
It was on this day in 1948, that the General Assembly of United Nations had adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
10 commemorates the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, but there is a growing perception that Eugene's events (to be celebrated Dec.

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