Universal Declaration of Human Rights

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Universal Declaration of Human Rights

 

a declaration adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on Dec. 10, 1948. The declaration consists of a preamble and 30 articles. It is based on the principles of the United Nations Charter concerning the need to develop international cooperation and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights proclaims fundamental personal rights: the equality of all persons without distinction of any kind; the right to life, liberty, and security of person, without attacks upon any person’s honor and reputation; and the right to a home and to a fair hearing by an impartial tribune in the determination of one’s rights. The declaration also proclaims civil and political rights and freedoms, such as the right of asylum and the right to freedom of conscience and religion, and social and economic rights, such as the right to work and to free choice of employment, to just and safe conditions of work, to protection against unemployment, and to equal pay for equal work. Everyone is entitled to all these rights and freedoms without distinction of any kind such as race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other views, national or social origin, property, birth, or other status. The Soviet Union regards the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as a progressive instrument but abstained from voting on it, since it made no provision for the adoption of definite measures to implement the proclaimed rights and freedoms.

Following the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, a number of international conventions were drawn up, such as the Convention on Political Rights of Women (1952), the Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery (1956), and the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples (1960).

S. A. IVANOV

References in periodicals archive ?
It is imperative that various religious and ethical communities, ethnic groups, and geographical regions work on discussing and drafting their own versions of a "Universal Declaration of a Global Ethic," that is, what they consider their own basic ethical principles, which they at the same time believe people of all other religious and ethical traditions could also affirm.
"The protection of human rights is constantly referred to by international bodies and in particular, the United Nations Organization, which set itself the fundamental task of promoting the human rights indicated in the 1948 Universal Declaration. That Declaration is regarded as a sort of moral commitment assumed by all mankind.
The commission said his arrest was a breach of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and of the right of privacy.
With the dry irony that often characterizes fine English prose, Nurser notes that those who now defend human rights are unaware of the crucial role played by ecumenical leaders in writing these fundamental rights into the 1945 UN Charter and the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Drawing inspiration from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and from subsequent instruments such as the International Covenant on Social, Economic and Cultural Rights, many more social policy and social work writers now stress the idea that adequate housing, access to employment, social security protection and healthcare are fundamental human rights that should be central to government social policy making.
Nurser's For All Peoples and All Nations is a detailed account of Anglican and Protestant influences upon the development of the Human Rights Commission and the 18'h Article of the United Nations Universal Declaration of 1948.
Section 2, which describes the legislative "findings" supporting the measure, asserts that the rights of mankind "are recognized in the Declaration of Independence of the United States and in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of the United Nations"; it also claims that "the right to democracy was affirmed as a human right by the United Nations Commission on Human Rights on April 27, 1999." The "findings" section also mentions the UN-aligned "Community of Democracies" as a useful forum in promoting the legislation's goals.
Since the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was ratified by United Nations (UN) member countries in 1948, the principle of basic human rights has gained global acceptance.
These and other rights are spelled out clearly in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and there should be no doubt that they are indeed universal they are the God-given rights of everyone, everywhere.
The letter was released to coincide with the anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights last Dec.
In your hands: a guide for community action for the tenth anniversary of the universal declaration of human rights.

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