United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration

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United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration

(UNRRA), organization founded (1943) during World War II to give aid to areas liberated from the Axis powers. There were finally 52 participating countries, each of which contributed funds amounting to 2% of its national income in 1943. A sum of nearly $4 billion was expended on various types of emergency aid, including distribution of food and medicine and restoration of public services and of agriculture and industry. China, Czechoslovakia, Greece, Italy, Poland, the Ukrainian SSR, and Yugoslavia were the chief beneficiaries. UNRRA returned some 7 million displaced persons to their countries of origin and provided camps for about 1 million refugees unwilling to be repatriated. More than half the funds were provided by the United States, and the three directors general—Herbert H. Lehman, Fiorello La Guardia, and Gen. Lowell Rooks—were American. UNRRA discontinued its operations in Europe on June 30, 1947. Its remaining work, chiefly in China, ended on Mar. 31, 1949. The functions of UNRRA were transferred to other UN agencies, chiefly the International Refugee OrganizationInternational Refugee Organization
(IRO), temporary agency of the United Nations, established in 1946. In arranging for the care and the repatriation or resettlement of Europeans made homeless by World War II, the organization brought to a conclusion part of the work of the
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, the Food and Agriculture OrganizationFood and Agriculture Organization
(FAO), specialized agency of the United Nations, established in 1945. Its headquarters is in Rome, and it has a number of regional, subregional, and liaison offices around the world.
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, and the United Nations Children's FundUnited Nations Children's Fund
(UNICEF), a specialized fund of the United Nations. It was established in 1946 as the United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund, and became a permanent part of the United Nations in 1953, when it acquired its current name (but retained
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.

United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration

 

(UNRRA), an international organization established during World War II by the member-states of the anti-Hitler coalition to provide aid for the populace of the countries liberated from German fascist and Japanese occupation.

The treaty creating UNRRA was signed Nov. 9, 1943, in Washington by representatives of 44 states: the Commonwealth of Australia, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, France, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Iceland, India, Iran, Iraq, Liberia, Luxembourg, Mexico, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, the Philippines, Poland, the Union of South Africa, Uruguay, the USA, the USSR, Venezuela, and Yugoslavia. The Byelorussian and Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republics and Denmark were admitted to UNRRA in August 1945, and Turkey in March 1946. In early 1947 the US and British governments, unwilling to provide aid on the basis of international cooperation, brought about the disbandment of UNRRA.

PUBLICATION

Pravda. Nov. 14, 1943, no. 281.
References in periodicals archive ?
Major organization : UGANDA NATIONAL ROADS AUTHORITY (UNRA)
This has helped in a major way and we also elevated the procurement section to a top management team at UNRA. As for the maintenance aspect, we have established what are called second-generation funds, and set up the Uganda Road Fund.
According to Unra engineers are removing the old asphalt material which failed to be compatible with water proof materials.
Unra has contracted China Hehan International Cooperation Group Limited (CHICO) Construction Company to undertake works on the project.
According to Uganda National Roads Authority (Unra) officials Feasibility studies and designs for a new bridge, preferably a suspended bridge like the Jinja cable bridge, to replace the one were midwifed some years ago but the plans were shelved over financing headaches.
The Uganda National Roads Authority (UNRA), has launched new road construction equipment to be used in emergency situations on the national road network, especially during the rainy season.
10 wooden bridges has been established by the Uganda National Roads Authority (UNRA), which are in a sorry state to be substituted with concrete decker.
The road will be funded through the government, said Allen Kagina, the executive director, Uganda National Roads Authority (UNRA).
Following the cancellation on December 21, 2015 of the World Bank-supported Uganda Transport Sector Development Project, overseen by the Uganda National Roads Authority (UNRA), the World Bank has suspended the disbursement of funds for civil works in two other projects in Uganda.
The Inquiry Commission into accused mismanagement of Uganda National Roads Authority (UNRA) has been told that the contractor for the two bridges in western Uganda deviated from the contractual specifications thereby risking lives of citizens.
Contract Awarded for Build and deliver the ferry to the Ugandan National Roads Authority (UNRA).
The AF will also provide technical assistance to strengthen the internal audit functions of Uganda National Roads Authority (UNRA) for technical audits of road projects.