UNRRA


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United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration

United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA), organization founded (1943) during World War II to give aid to areas liberated from the Axis powers. There were finally 52 participating countries, each of which contributed funds amounting to 2% of its national income in 1943. A sum of nearly $4 billion was expended on various types of emergency aid, including distribution of food and medicine and restoration of public services and of agriculture and industry. China, Czechoslovakia, Greece, Italy, Poland, the Ukrainian SSR, and Yugoslavia were the chief beneficiaries. UNRRA returned some 7 million displaced persons to their countries of origin and provided camps for about 1 million refugees unwilling to be repatriated. More than half the funds were provided by the United States, and the three directors general—Herbert H. Lehman, Fiorello La Guardia, and Gen. Lowell Rooks—were American. UNRRA discontinued its operations in Europe on June 30, 1947. Its remaining work, chiefly in China, ended on Mar. 31, 1949. The functions of UNRRA were transferred to other UN agencies, chiefly the International Refugee Organization, the Food and Agriculture Organization, and the United Nations Children's Fund.
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UNRRA

(1943–49) supplied funds and personnel to areas freed from the Axis. [Eur. Hist.: NCE, 2832]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Uno de los primeros textos sobre la Organizacion Internacional de Refugiados (IRO, por sus siglas en ingles) la representa, al igual que a su predecesora UNRRA, como organizaciones que desarrollaron un gran servicio humanitario despues de la Segunda Guerra Mundial (1947-1952), atendiendo necesidades tanto economicas como sociales y politicas.
Even before the law was passed, UNRRA and IRO had begun grouping us by nationality and moving us from the drafty shacks to more solid quarters.
(83) The mood of the adult Polish population in Valivade can be surmised from Webb's report of 1 November 1944: "The Poles are convinced that there is a plan afoot to transfer them to the clutches of either the Russian (Soviet) or Lublin Governments." (84) The visit of Special Representative of UNRRA Durrant to the Polish camps caused great unrest and "nearly resulted in a riot".
Here we see Keynes displaying a positive attitude towards the White Plan which laid the groundwork for UNRRA. It was not until the beginning of 1945 that he next had occasion to comment on the relief organisation.
En Ministero per l'Assistenza post bellica e UNRRA, Atti Convegno di studi di Assistenza sociale (pp.
One of UNRRA's problems was that from the outset it had been given too grand and sweeping a brief.
Talking to media after signing a memorandum of cooperation between OIC and UNRRA (United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Authority) here on Tuesday, he said that peace in Afghanistan would be secured at all costs.
government to the Soviet people as a part of the aid program of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA).
Three years later, in April 1957, Fifield presented a somewhat more pessimistic view of the current situation in the United States and abroad, arguing "our military, political, and economic efforts have all failed," and that "the world was worse off than it was when we inaugurated our current programs." He alleged that the Marshall Plan, Point Four, and UNRRA had failed because they lacked the spiritual dynamic needed to foster acceptance and gratitude among the beneficiaries.
The Marshall Plan, UNRRA and ECA aids (but also groups of American Evangelists) assist in exploiting the land's resources, and rebuilding Cassino and Montecassino, destroyed by the Germans: "apartments with modern plumbing are being built to replace the picturesque but primitive stone houses" (May 1, 1950; emphasis mine).