Unterwalden


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Related to Unterwalden: Obwalden, Rodrigo Diaz de Vivar

Unterwalden

(o͝on`tərväldən), canton, central Switzerland, one of the Four Forest CantonsFour Forest Cantons, the,
Ger. Die Vier Waldstätten, in central Switzerland, the cantons of Unterwalden, Schwyz, Uri, and Lucerne, the first Swiss communities to win their freedom against the Hapsburgs.
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. A mountainous, forested, and chiefly pastoral region, Unterwalden is divided into the half cantons of Obwalden (1993 pop. 30,200), 190 sq mi (492 sq km), in the west, with its capital at Sarnen, and Nidwalden (1993 pop. 34,900), 106 sq mi (275 sq km), in the east, with its capital at Stans. Dairying and woodworking are the main occupations of Obwalden, while the economy of Nidwalden revolves around its winter tourist facilities. The population of Unterwalden is German-speaking and Roman Catholic. In 1291, Unterwalden formed with the cantons of Uri and Schwyz a league that became the nucleus of the Swiss Confederation (see SwitzerlandSwitzerland
, Fr. Suisse, Ger. Schweiz, Ital. Svizzera, officially Swiss Confederation, federal republic (2015 est. pop. 8,320,000), 15,941 sq mi (41,287 sq km), central Europe. It borders on France in the west and southwest, with the Jura Mts.
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). The two half cantons officially split from each other in 1340, although generally they continued to act as one unit. They gained sovereign status as individual units in 1803.

Unterwalden

 

a canton in Switzerland. Unterwalden consists of two demicantons—Nidwalden and Obwalden. Nidwalden has an area of 300 sq km and a population of 27,000 (1974); its capital is Stans. Obwalden has an area of 500 sq km and a population of 26,300, and its capital is Sarnen.

In the fifth and sixth centuries, Unterwalden was conquered by the Alamanni, who subjugated the region’s inhabitants, the Helvetii. At the turn of the 13th century, the region became dependent on the Austrian Hapsburgs. In 1291, Unterwalden signed a treaty of perpetual alliance with the cantons of Uri and Schwyz, thus forming the Swiss state. The united cantons achieved independence from the Hapsburgs in 1308, and their independence was strengthened by their victory at Morgarten in 1315.

Unterwalden became one of the main areas for recruiting Swiss mercenaries into European armies in the late 15th century. In the 16th century, Unterwalden and other economically backward cantons opposed the Reformation in Switzerland. From 1789 to 1803 it was part of the “one and indivisible” Helvetian Republic. In the mid-19th century, Unterwalden joined the reactionary unions known as the League of Sarnen and the Sonderbund.

Unterwalden

a canton of central Switzerland, on Lake Lucerne: consists of the demicantons of Nidwalden (east) and Obwalden (west). Capitals: (Nidwalden) Stans; (Obwalden) Sarnen. Pop.: (Nidwalden) 38 900 (2002 est.); (Obwalden) 33 000 (2002 est.). Areas: (Nidwalden) 274 sq. km (107 sq. miles); (Obwalden) 492 sq. km (192 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Although ruled by the original German speaking cantons of Uri, Schwyz and Unterwalden for centuries, Ticino resisted incorporation by Napoleon.
In act 1, scene 4, the young Arnold von Melchthal from Unterwalden has taken refuge at the home of Tell's father-in-law, Walter Furst.
It is still made from unpasteurized, part-skill cow's milk in central Switzerland in and around the cantons of Lucerne, Unterwalden, Schwyz, and Zug.
Address for corresondence: Gernot Walder, Unterwalden 30.
In 1291 three Alpine cantons, Uri, Schwyz, and Unterwalden, formed a union that represented the beginning of the nation of Switzerland.
If you vote for example for the federation's president (even if indirectly) as in the US and if you serve in the armed forces of the federation, then you have a sense of being a citizen of the federation, of belonging' to the US or Switzerland, and not, just say, to the State of Arizona or the Canton of Unterwalden, a sense of promoting the supreme political idea of homonoia.36 The above characteristics seem to be lacking in today's European Union and we present these as yet unrefined ideas to be explored more thoroughly in future works.
One of his favourite dishes is Aelplermagronen (an Unterwalden speciality, it consists of potatoes and noodles with cream, cheese and sauteed onions, although it's made without the potatoes in Uri), which he prefers to serve with wedges of caramelised apple rather than the usual applesauce.
The fact that there are three prologue Heralds may in itself be significant since they could conveniently bear the blazons of the three original Forest Cantons, Uri, Schwytz, and Unterwalden, this traditional order being maintained throughout the text (as in 11.