Unwin, Sir Raymond

Unwin, Sir Raymond

(ŭn`wĭn), 1863–1940, English architect and town planner. He designed the first English garden citygarden city,
an ideal, self-contained community of predetermined area and population surrounded by a greenbelt. As formulated by Sir Ebenezer Howard, the garden city was intended to bring together the economic and cultural advantages of both city and country living, with land
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 near Letchworth, the New Earwick development in Yorkshire, and Hampstead Garden near London. He lectured on housing and city planning at the Univ. of Birmingham (1911–14) and Columbia (1936–40). His Town Planning in Practice (1909) is a classic work in its field. Unwin was knighted in 1932.
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