Urban IV

Urban IV,

d. 1264, pope (1261–64), a Frenchman (b. Troyes) named Jacques Pantaléon; successor of Alexander IV. In the pontifical service he was sent on missions into N Germany; then he was made bishop of Verdun (1253) and Latin patriarch of Jerusalem (1255). On his election he inherited the struggle between the HohenstaufenHohenstaufen
, German princely family, whose name is derived from the castle of Staufen built in 1077 by a Swabian count, Frederick. In 1079, Frederick married Agnes, daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV, and was created duke of Swabia.
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 and the church, which he continued with vigor and success. It was Urban who dealt the Hohenstaufen the fatal stroke by a definite renewal of the offer of the Sicilian throne to Charles of Anjou. Urban restored the papal finances to solvency, and he established the feast of Corpus Christi. He was succeeded by Clement IV.
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In 1264, Pope Urban IV instituted the feast in the Papal Bull Transiturus de Hoc Mundo, which stated that one main purpose of the feast is to focus solely on the Holy Eucharist, since the Thursday observance of the institution of the Holy Eucharist is celebrated with other mysteries of our faith including the Washing of the Feet, the Institution of the Priesthood as well as the Agony in the Garden.
Apostolic poverty, so central to Clares Franciscan charism, does not figure in the Rules of 1219 and 1247, nor in Urban IV's Rule of 1263, which formally established the Order of St Clare and proved to be the Clarisses' most widely observed Rule.
In 1263, Pope Urban IV established the Feast of Corpus Christi to commemorate the Mass of Bolsena, when bloodstains appeared on the communion host and stained the sacramental linen.
This claim is based on the acta of the counts of Champagne and a document of Pope Urban IV. This essay concludes that, given the present evidence, de Libera's case rests on more historically sound data, but that to arrive at this conclusion one must impeach the Dominican sources (not done by de Libera) and take into consideration additional data from the research of Michele Mulchahey on the introduction of logic into the Dominican curriculum.
Certain information about William of Tripoli comes from three bulls issued by Pope Urban IV from Orvieto in 1264.
The other electors held their own meeting and voted for Alfonso, King of Castile, and Pope Urban IV began to waver.
After meeting with the bishop, cardinal, and Pope Urban IV, she convinced the bishop to call a synod in 1246 to order that the celebration be held the following year.
An adroit and crafty entrepreneur, a scribe, `albreviator litterarum aposticlarum' in the papal curia from 1387 until 1417, the Canon survived political upheaval (during the Great Schism) serving Popes and pseudopopes Urban IV, Boniface IX, Alexander V, John XXIII and Martin V, always coming out on top.
Surely most Orvietan guildsmen did not read the works of Seneca, Augustine or even Albertanus, but it was hard for them to escape the sermons of friars, who often had sophisticated theological training.(71) To my knowledge no sermons preached to the laity in Orvieto in the late thirteenth and early fourteenth century are extant, though because of the repeated presence of the papal curia great theologians did teach there, including Albertus Magnus and Aquinas himself, who served as lector in the Dominican convent in Orvieto during the sojourn of Urban IV.(72) Thomas' teaching efforts in Orvieto were probably directed to fellow clerics, but Franciscan as well as Dominican friars regularly passed on theological ideas in sermons to the laity.
There are a few scattered errors of fact: Goodman's Superior Powers was published in 1558 to 1560; Pope Leo III, not Urban IV, crowned Charlemagne; George Buchanan was a student of John Major, not of John Ponet; the Zwickau Prophets are misidentified; "Ubaldis" is frequently misspelled.
The feast of Corpus Christi was introduced in 1264 by Pope Urban IV.
Third, by noting the roles of Juliana of Mont Cornillon, Jacques Panaleon, the archdeacon of Liege who later became Pope Urban IV, and Thomas Aquinas in establishing and forming this feast, it suggests the significance of the individual person in liturgical development.

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