Urban Reconstruction

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Reconstruction, Urban

 

the fundamental transformation of a city (its layout, land development, and public services) called for by current socioeconomic, sanitary, and architectural requirements and carried out on a scientific basis.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The haphazard, poorly planned urban reconstruction coupled with the 10-fold jump in population to nearly 12 million today has severely strained the city's ability to cope with flooding.
Organised jointly by USAID and the Kabul Urban Reconstruction Project of the Ministry of Urban Development Affairs, the workshop is addressing the issues that affect the growth, security, and development of Afghanistan's urban centers.
By the end of the urban reconstruction program, 85 percent of the Old City will have been demolished.
The agreement on urban reconstruction and regeneration provides for Abruzzo to set up an urban development fund within the existing EU framework for the use of the Structural Funds (Joint European Support for Sustainable Investment in City Areas - JESSICA).
Two major reconstruction programmes, the Baghdad water supply and sanitation project, and the water supply, sanitation and urban reconstruction project, were launched on the back of the report to address the country's most pressing needs.
But simultaneous and complete urban reconstruction is impossible.
Compared with dowdy London in the 1960s or decaying New York, Montreal provided a vision of urban reconstruction inspired largely by CIAM principles.
In the initial period of mainly conservative urban reconstruction (1945-1958), the Third Reich's visible traces were effaced via the stylistic return of the city's architecture to an imagined pre-Nazi traditionalism, as the surviving Nazi buildings and monuments were either refitted or demolished and a reassuring antecedent neoclassicism reclaimed.
The FDR technique has been primarily used on rural roads; however, it is increasingly being selected as an option for urban reconstruction projects as well.
With support provided by the postapartheid government, the Open Society Institute, and other international and domestic donors the National Urban Reconstruction and Housing Agency (Nurcha) has been able to contribute to the construction of 70,000 houses (from February 2001) in South Africa's campaign to house the nation.
Carter shows, for example, that the urban reconstruction of West Berlin was guided by a use of public space "designed precisely to stimulate the material appetites of passing shoppers" (p.
The papers provide a comprehensive examination of the institutional and multi disciplinary aspects of rural and urban reconstruction. Apart from being a vital accompaniment to the urbanisation programme that is currently underway, they make an invaluable contribution to the future by providing detailed guidelines for institution building, and for the creation of structures, policies and infrastructures.

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