Urban Settlements

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Urban Settlements

 

populated places encompassing a certain population and fulfilling chiefly industrial, transportation, cultural, and administrative-political functions. The proportion of inhabitants residing in urban settlements is the most significant index of the urbanization (and often industrialization) of a country or region. In a number of countries the only criteria for considering a populated area an urban settlement is the population or its administrative role.

The classification of urban settlements is determined by their economic and social functions and the size of their population. Generally they are divided into the following categories: small towns—up to 10,000 inhabitants, 10,000–20,000, and 20,000–50,000; medium-size cities, 50,000–100,000 inhabitants; and large cities—100,000–300,000 and 300,000–1,000,000 inhabitants.

In the USSR urban settlements are subdivided into cities and urban-type settlements (workers’ settlements). Urban settlements are the populated areas defined by the following population indexes: in the RSFSR, 12,000 inhabitants to assume the rights of a city and 3,000 inhabitants (with the understanding that not less than 85 percent of the population are industrial, office, and professional workers and members of their families) for urban-type settlements; in other Union republics the criteria are slightly different but close to these population indexes.

V. V. POKSHISHEVSKII

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Also, the regulators of urban settlements have failed to control irregular urban sprawl in major cities like Karachi.
The share of women is higher in the urban settlements and amounted to 52.4% and there is a slight predominance of men - 50.7% in the rural areas, where the birth rate is higher.
But the new study, led by researchers from the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kanpur and Imperial College London, has now provided evidence that a major Himalayan river did not flow at the same time as the development of Indus civilisation urban settlements. "The findings challenge our current understanding of how urbanisation in many ancient civilisations began and grew in relation to natural resources,"said lead author Sanjeev Gupta, Professor at Imperial.
They will given 20 to 30 years to pay for their new homes at affordable rates and cannot sell or rent these out for 20 years without written consent from the mayor's office, according to the city's urban settlements office chief, Danny Isiderio.
ISLAMABAD -- Researchers have prepared the first spatially explicit data set of the location and size of urban settlements globally over the past 6,000 years-offering fresh clarity as to how the growth of cities transforms humans into an urban species.
Pomfret focuses on two towns, both with industrial bases in the areas of textile production, coal mining, and metalworking, each of which was of medium size in relation to other urban settlements in its respective country--Nottingham having, in 1901, a population of 259,902, while its French counterpart numbered 139,129 inhabitants.
Revolucion 1608 bis, 2003-2004, take the appropriation of the structure and concept of informal and precarious urban settlements typical of the third-world megalopolis to a scale that might be called life-size, but it does so by going beyond mere representation or formal investigation.
The regional report is part of a series of four for England and Wales giving statistics for 'urban settlements' with a population of more than 1,500 residents.
Koolhaas has designed (but not as yet built) vast buildings and urban settlements. But the designs do not give much hope that he will be able to inject much decency into life, even though he uses humanistic arguments to justify his approaches: 'If there is to be a "new urbanism" it will not be based on the twin fantasies of order and omnipotence; it will be the staging of uncertainty; it will no longer be concerned with the arrangement of more or less permanent objects, but with the irrigation of territories with potential; it will no longer aim for stable configurations but for the creation of enabling fields ...
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