Urim and Thummim


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Urim and Thummim

(yo͞o`rĭm, thŭm`ĭm), in the Bible, name of sacred instruments used for casting lotslots.
The casting of lots was an ancient method of making a choice, settling a dispute, or determining a course of action. In biblical times lots were cast to determine the will of God (it is believed that the Urim and Thummim, mysterious sacred objects carved on the breastplate
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. The meaning of the two names is uncertain, as is the nature of the lots. They were in some way connected, however, with the ephodephod,
sacred linen garment worn by the high priests of Israel. It was in two parts—one covering the back, one the front of the body to the hips—and was fastened at the shoulders by two clasps of onyx on which were engraved the 12 tribal names, six on each.
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.