Urobacteria

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Urobacteria

 

bacteria that hydrolyze urea to yield ammonia and carbon dioxide: CO(NH2)2 + H2O → CO2 + 2NH3. This reaction produces no energy and is caused by the bacterial enzyme urease; urobacteria oxidize organic acids and amino acids in order to obtain energy. Urobacteria include aerobic species that are capable of growth in highly alkaline media (pH 9.5): the sporiferous Bacillus pasteurii and the mobile, sporiferous Sporosarcina ureae. Urobacteria are found in soil, urine, manure, and sewage and in the water of water purification systems.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Resistance to the habitual antimicrobials of urobacteria isolated from children with acquired urinary tract infection (UTI) in a community in Sao Paulo, Brazil, 2004-2005.