Urticales


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Urticales

[‚ərd·ə′kā·lēz]
(botany)
An order of dicotyledons in the subclass Hamamelidae; woody plants or herbs with simple, usually stipulate leaves, and reduced clustered flowers that usually have a vestigial perianth.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pollen and spores of vascular plants are rare, represented by Rhizophora, Poaceae, Cyperaceae, Asteraceae and Urticales.
For example, under the classification of Cronquist (1981), the diverse host list of the nymphalid tribe Nymphalini includes as dominant themes three families in the order Urticales (Hamamelidae), two in Rosales (Rosidae), one in Salicales (Dillenidae), and two in Fagales (Hamamelidae).
Systematic importance of spodograms in the Urticales.
Table 1 Affinities of Gannera proposed or implied by various authors Proposed Source(s) affinity Haloragaceae/ Bentham & Hooker, 1865; de Candolle, 1868; Haloragales Engler & Prand (Peterson, 1893); Schindler, 1905; Hutchinson, 1973; Cronquist, 1981; Heywood, 1993 Urticales Jussieu, 1789; Battling, 1830; Endlicher, 1837 Arialaceae Lindley, 1846 Umbellales Gibbs, 1974 Onagraceae Gray, 1854; Gibbs, 1974; Doyle & Scogin, 1988a, 1988b Vitaceae Behnke, 1981; Thorne, 1992 Cornaceae Thorne, 1992 Connaraceae Behnke,1986 Eucryphiaceae Behnke,1986 Balanophoraceae Hooker, 1856; Hansen, 1980; Mabberley, 1993 Saxifragaceae Huber, 1963; Takhtajan, 1980, 1983; Dahlgren, 1983; Doyle & Scogin, 1988a, 1988b Hamamelidaceae Chase et al.
His anatomical studies of Barbeya successfully attributed its phylogenetic affinity with the Urticales.
Cronquist (1988) aligned Physenaceae with Urticales.