Ürümqi

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Ürümqi

or

Urumchi

(both: o͞oro͞om`chē), city (1994 est. pop. 1,130,300), capital of XinjiangXinjiang
or Sinkiang
[Chinese,=new frontier], officially Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (Mandarin Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu), autonomous region (2010 pop. 21,813,334), c.637,000 sq mi (1,650,257 sq km), NW China.
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 Uygur Autonomous Region, NW China, in the Dzungarian basin. Ürümqi is an administrative and commercial center at the junction of several historical caravan routes from Central Asia, Lanzhou (Gansu prov.), and Kashi (Kashgar), and it remains a market and transshipment center for China's trade with Central Asia and Russia. It is linked to the Chinese rail network via Lanzhou. The main industrial center of Xinjiang, Ürümqi has benefited from the discovery of large petroleum deposits at KaramayKaramay
or Karamai
, city (1994 est. pop. 212,600), N Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China, in the Dzungarian basin. Since the discovery (1955) there of one of the largest oil fields in China, it has grown into an oil-producing and refining center.
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. It has oil refineries, iron- and steelworks, textile mills, and plants manufacturing motor vehicles, agricultural machinery, chemicals, machine tools, and cement. Coal, tin, and silver mines are nearby. The population is mostly Uigur with minorities of Manchus, Chinese, and Kazakhs. Chinese influence began about 122 B.C. when Emperor Wu Ti of the Han dynasty conquered E Xinjiang. Ürümqi is the seat of Xinjiang Univ.; there is also a medical college, several technical institutes, and a museum with a rare collection of mummies. The city was called Dihua (Tihwa) until 1954.

Urumchi

, Urumqi, Wu-lu-mu-ch'i
a city in NW China, capital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region: trading centre on a N route between China and central Asia. Pop.: 1 562 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The direct import from Pakistan is expected to reduce the retail price by 20%-30%, such as mango and other fruit types with higher loss rate during transportation, People's Daily quoting Urumqi Customs officials here on Thursday.
At a moment, the capital of Kazakhstan is connected by a direct flight with the capital of China - Beijing (operated by Air Astana), Urumqi (Air Astana) and Hainan Island (Scat).
On this occasion, the District Nazim, Mohammad Asim Khan said that students exchange programme between Peshawar and Urumqi will start soon to introduce the culture of both countries among the students.
He highlighted that Urumqi, being the third-largest international transfer hub, is the west gateway of China to the world.
It plans to operate new international routes to central and western Asian countries.A record high of more than 21.5 million passengers travelled through Urumqi International Airport, the biggest airport in Xinjiang, in 2017.
Before Urumqi airport became licensed as a designated port of entry for imported chilled and fresh aquatic products last year, it took seven to 10 days for such imports to be transferred to inland Xinjiang after arriving on the southeast coast.
The train, laden with engineering equipment and other goods, left Urumqi on January 19, ran the Alatau pass and arrived in Baku on a ferry from the Kazakhstan port Kuryk.
Urumqi Air released a statement regarding the flight attendant's behavior on Thursday, (http://www.independent.co.uk/travel/news-and-advice/flight-attendant-video-eats-leftover-meals-urumqi-air-yinchuan-airport-a8103991.html) The Independent reported.
He expressed the sentiment during a meeting with China's Finance Minister Xiao Jie in Urumqi, China, according to a statement.
M2 EQUITYBITES-August 18, 2017-CDB Aviation Lease Finance Delivers First of Three 737-800s to Urumqi Air