Usambara

Usambara

(o͞osämbä`rä), mountains, c.70 mi (110 km) long and from 20 to 40 mi (30–60 km) wide, NE Tanzania. On its slopes, which rise to c.8,000 ft (2,440 m), coffee, sisal, tea, and cinchona are produced; rice is grown in the swampy foothills. The region was among the first in E Africa to be settled (1902) by European farmers.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Usambara

 

mountains in Tanzania, East Africa. The Usambara Mountains are a horst massif composed of Precambrian crystalline rocks. The maximum elevation is 2,570 m. The edges of the massif are dissected by deep gorges; planate relief is found in the interior region. Moist evergreen tropical forests grow on the windward southern and eastern slopes; the leeward northern and western slopes have xerophytic shrub vegetation.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
A newly discovered species of tree found in the Usambara Mountains in Tanzania could be wiped out of our planet without conservation measures.
Relationship between altitude and intensity of malaria transmission in the Usambara Mountains, Tanzania.
Collaborative information behavior of butterfly farmers in Eastern Usambara Mountains, Tanzania, Malasyan Journal of Library & Information Science, [S.I.], v.
This was a centralized government ruled by the Kilindi lineage among the Shambaa of the Usambara mountains and which ended with the execution of the last Kilindi ruler by German colonial officials in the late 1800s.
Distribution.--TANZANIA: West and East Usambara Mts., Tanga region.
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Tanzania's Usambara Mountains, located just south of Mount Kilimanjaro, are a "green island" rising above the surrounding dry plain and home to unique biodiversity, including impatiens usambarensis and impatiens walleriana (also known as Busy Lizzies).
Poesen, "Effectiveness of mulching under miraba in controlling soil erosion, fertility restoration and crop yield in the Usambara Mountains, Tanzania," Land Degradation & Development, vol.
And he added: "The Roman Catholic Fathers who taught at my first boarding school high in the Usambara Mountains in Tanzania originated from Cardiff.