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(o͞o`zədôm) or


(o͞oz`näm), island, 164 sq mi (425 sq km), in the Baltic Sea. It is divided between Mecklenburg–West Pomerania state, Germany, and Poland. Usedom is separated from the mainland by Stettin Lagoon and from the neighboring island of Wolin by the Świna Channel. The chief towns are Świnioujście (Swinemünde) in the Polish section and Usedom in the German section. Peenemünde, in the German section, was the site of a German missile research and testing station in World War II. It is generally lowland, with forests and several lakes. Grain and potatoes are the principal agricultural products; the main sources of income are tourism and fishing.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Polish Uznam), an island in the Baltic Sea; located at the mouth of the Oder River, between Stettin Lagoon and Pomeranian Bay. The western part belongs to the German Democratic Republic, and the eastern part to Poland. The island has an area of 405 sq km. The eastern snores are flat and abound in sand dunes, while the western shores are indented with numerous bays. Hilly plains, with elevations to 58 m, alternate with lakes and marshes. Beech and pine forests grow on the hills and dunes, and the lowlands are planted with rye, potatoes, and fodder grasses. There is fishing for herring and eel. A number of seaside resorts of the German Democratic Republic are located on the island, including Zinnowitz, Bansin, and Ahlbeck. The seaport of áwinoujscie (Poland) is located in the east.


Kliewe H. Die Insel Usedom: In ihrer spât-und nacheiszeitlichen Formenentwicklung. Berlin, 1960.
Willie, H. H. Die Insel Usedom, 3rd ed. Rostock, 1968.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.