ECC and Targeted Row Refresh are not foolproof, software defenses like ANVIL rely on performance counters that aren't used for DMA access, and CATT only protects user-space
When executing user-space
applications, Linux keeps its entire kernel memory mapped in page tables protected from access.
Chelsio WireDirect provides direct network access to user-space
, is binary compatible with existing TCP and UDP socket applications, and is also available in full source code form.
implementation allows portability across operating systems and processor architectures, firewall and NAT-friendly operation, dynamic address support, and multiple protocol support.
Designed as a Window into Windows, WindowsSCOPE enables in-depth analysis and reverse engineering of the Windows kernel and all kernel and user-space
programs and drivers at a given time, through its unique extraction methods, intuitive representations of information and interactive graphical visualization, including down to single-instruction-level detail.
The Indian authors explain the bootloader interface, system memory map, MTD subsystem for accessing flash devices, embedded file systems, embedded drivers, various mechanisms for building kernel and user-space
applications, debugging memory tools, kernel function instrumentation profiling methods, and embedded graphics.
Testing is one of the many applications of UML, since the kernel under development can be placed in the user-space
of the BlueCat Linux host system.
The second major component of Comedi is comedilib, a user-space
library that provides a common user interface to the Comedi device drivers.
DAFS library implementations can provide optimal performance by providing an API which enables applications to directly manage I/O.
implementations are usually provided for the support of long-running computations [Litzkow and Solomon, 1992].
The article gives a quantitative analysis of Orca's coherence protocol (based on write-updates with function shipping), the totally ordered group communication protocol, the strategy for object placement, and the all-software, user-space