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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also ushur; Arabic, one-tenth), a religious tax in Muslim countries; usually payable in kind, but sometimes in cash. The ushr was levied annually on people engaged in agriculture, livestock raising, fishing, and crafts.

The tax varied in form and name through different periods of time. It was known as the ikta, dimos, onda, ondalik, and salariye in the Ottoman Empire; as the dah-yak in Iran; and by other names elsewhere. The tax-farming system used in the Middle Ages and to some extent in modern times to collect the ushr frequently resulted in the collection of more than ten percent of the peasants’ income, and sometimes as much as fifty percent.

As the concept of income tax spread, the tax was almost universally abolished; for example, it was eliminated in Algeria in 1918, in Turkey in 1925, and in Tunisia in 1935. It still survives, however, in certain Muslim countries, including Saudi Arabia and the Yemen Arab Republic.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ushr's investors include: GM Ventures, EnerTech Capital, Emerald Technology Ventures and Forte Ventures.
According to zakat and ushr ordinance 1980, (and details available from the budget speech of minister of finance, Government of Pakistan delivered on June 14,1982) the value of ushr is estimated as follows: Cost of production is assumed to be equal to 25 per cent of the gross production value.
If the revenue from ushr was added to land revenue, the proportion would be 3.7 percent in 1990, falling from 4.6 percent in 1983 when the ushr levy was introduced.
Acting Chairman of PVTC and Secretary of Zakat and Ushr Asim Iqbal, Managing Director Amjad Ali, and council members Kashif Ashfaq, Shafiqur Rehman, Abu Bakar Siddique, Mussarat Sohail, Sohail Altaf, Maj (r) Shahnawaz Badar and Atiq Butt were among the participants.
M2 EQUITYBITES-February 14, 2019-Dynamic Map Platform Agrees to Acquire Road Map Provider Ushr
Punjab Zakat and Ushr department has distributed cheques worth Rs 37.8 million among 18 hospitals of Lahore for free treatment of persons eligible to receive Zakat.
LAHORE -- Punjab Zakat and Ushr department has distributed cheques of Rs 37.8 million to 18 hospitals of Lahore for the free treatment of persons eligible to receive Zakat.
The provincial minister for Auqaf, Zakat and Ushr Faraz Dero would be the chief guest, whereas the KU Vice Chancellor, Professor Dr Mohammad Ajmal Khan would preside the event.
LAHORE:Zakat and Ushr Council Punjab Monday approved Rs 4,433 million Zakat budget for fiscal year 2018-19.
LAHORE:Zakat and ushr department, even after the passing of six months of the ongoing fiscal year, has failed to release funds to public hospitals, Pakistan Today has learnt.Due to this failure, poor and deserving patients are not able to get the required medicines from the specially constituted zakat and ushr department in the respective hospitals, causing them much inconvenience.
According to details; Tariq Rashid BS-20, Secretary Relief, Rehabilitation and Settlement Department has been transferred and posted as Secretary, Irrigation Department and Syed Hidayat Jan BS-20, Secretary, Zakat Ushr, Social Welfare and Women Empowerment Department has been transferred and posted as Director General, Provincial Earthquake Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Agency, Abbottabad.