Ustrushana

(redirected from Ushrusana)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ustrushana

 

(also Usrushana), an early medieval region in Central Asia. Ancient Ustrushana was part of Sogdiana. It was an independent kingdom from the fifth century to 822, when it was conquered by the Arabs. Its ruler (afshin) Kavus converted to Islam. Ustrushana became part of the Samanid state in 893. Its capital, Bunjikat, was located near the present-day village of Shakhristan in Ura-Tiube Raion, Leninabad Oblast, Tadzhik SSR, where the palace of the afshins, containing fragments of paintings and woodcarvings, was excavated.

REFERENCES

Negmatov, N. N., and S. G. Khmel’nitskii. Srednevekovyi Shakhristan. Dushanbe, 1966. (In-t istorii im. Donisha: Material’-naia kul’tura Ustrushany, vol. 1.)
Gafurov, B. G. Tadzhiki. Moscow, 1972.
Pulatov, U. P. Chil’khudzhra. Dushanbe, 1975. (Material’naia kul’tura Ustrushany, fasc. 3.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This was when the caliph al-Ma'mun placed the administration of the Transoxanian cities and regions (Samarqand, Ushrusana, Ferghana, Shash, as well as Herat) under the rule of the Samanids from Balkh.
Sarushan (thus in the Wagner-Schoeler edition) was a district of Khurasan (ibid.); it is most commonly known as Usrushana (EI2, s.v.) or Surushana, although Yaqut prefers Ushrusana (Mu'jam al-buldan, 1: 197).
[9] The fourth individual was al-Afshin, a member of the Iranian princely house of Ushrusana. The sites assigned to [[blank].sup.[subset]]Urtuj, Ashinas and Wasif were inhabited largely if not exclusively by Turkish soldiers, that assigned to al-Afshin mostly by his compatriots from Ushrusana.