Usman Dan Fodio


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Usman Dan Fodio

 

Born 1744; died 1817. Leader of the Fulbe uprising of 1804–08 against the rulers of the states of the Hausa people in western Sudan. African Muslim preacher. Tutor of the son of the sultan of the Hausa state of Gobir.

Usman dan Fodio headed the opposition of the Fulbe aristocracy, who were dissatisfied with the political hegemony of the Hausa aristocracy. In February 1804, he and his brother Abdullahi called upon the Fulbe to wage a “holy war” against the “infidels,” the rulers of the Hausa. He was at once proclaimed “leader of the faithful.” By 1809, Usman Dan Fodio’s troops had captured virtually the entire country of the Hausa. The conquered territory was divided between Abdullahi, who received the sultanate of Gwandu, and Usman’s son, Muhammad Bello, who received the sultanate of Sokoto in present-day Nigeria.

Usman dan Fodio’s religious treatises are a valuable source of information on the history of northern Nigeria and adjacent regions.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Perhaps, the best way to conceptualize Boko Haram, which has not been considered by scholars before now, is by examining the convergences and divergences between it and the Usman dan Fodio's Jihad which swept through northern Nigeria between 1804 and 1809.
In focusing on the state's injustice, Islamists recapitulate Usman dan Fodio's justification for his jihad against the old Hausa kingdoms, and see the adoption of sharia as a large part of the answer.
(41) Ansaru claims it fights to restore the "lost dignity" of the Sokoto Caliphate, which was founded in 1804 by the Fulani shaykh Usman dan Fodio in northern Cameroon, northern Nigeria, and southern Niger, and lasted until the United Kingdom and France colonized the region and introduced Western education and Christianity in the 19th century.
It must also be remembered that Usman dan Fodio was not a military leader.
A secondary factor which contributed to Fulani victory was that Usman Dan Fodio and his Fulani followers adopted the strategy of isolating the various Hausa states and conquering them one after the other.
(46) According to the United Kingdom, Ansaru is "anti-Western" and "broadly aligned" to al-Qa'ida, while in its own words Ansaru says it wants to restore the "dignity of Usman dan Fodio." (47) Similarly, MUJAO proclaimed at the time of its founding in December 2011 that it wants to spread jihad in West Africa and that its members are "ideological descendants" of Usman dan Fodio.
The Sokoto Caliphate grew out of the jihad of Usman dan Fodio and was the political expression of the desire to establish a proper Islamic society in the region of Northern Nigeria.
In the tertiary institution category, University of Nigeria Nsuka, University of Uyo and Usman Dan Fodio University came first, second and third respectively, while Government Science and Technical College Garki, Area 3 Abuja, Excellence International School, Jalingo, Taraba State and St.
Prayers were offered by the PDP Atiku at the grave side of the father of the Caliphate Mallam Usman Dan Fodio.
In a statement released and signed by the state Scholarship board, Hon Altine Sheu Kajiji disclosed that the payment exercise will commence with students of Usman Dan Fodio University (UDUS), from 7th to 9th November, 2018 and will be follows by students of Sokoto State University schedule between Monday 12 and Tuesday 13th November, 2018.
According to the Wakilin Tahiri (Chief Historian of Bauchi Emirate), Alhaji Ado Dan Rimi, Bauchi was established as a result of the Sokoto Jihad of 1804 by Mallam Yakubu, who was the first Emir and flag bearer of Sheik Usman Dan Fodio which gives him the title of Sarkin Yakin Sarkin Musulmi a title that every Emir of Bauchi Emirate bears even till today.