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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a nationalist, separatist organization of Croatian fascists.

The Ustaše was founded outside Croatia in 1929 by A. Pavelic, a leader of the Croatian Party of Rights; it had bases in Italy, Austria, Hungary, Belgium, and other countries. In Marseille in 1934 the Ustase carried out a plan organized by the Hitlerites to assassinate the Yugoslav king Alexander and the French foreign minister L. Barthou. After the seizure of Yugoslavia in 1941 by fascist forces, the Ustaše, supported by the occupiers, created the “Independent Croatian State” on the territory of Croatia, Bosnia, and Hercegovina. The puppet government, headed by Pavelic, organized the mass murder of hundreds of thousands of Yugoslavs. After the liberation of Yugoslavia from fascist occupation, many members of the Ustase were sentenced to death.

Terrorist acts have been carried out against representatives of socialist Yugoslavia by Croatians who live in other countries and adhere to the principles of the Ustaše.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"The risk taken by the Dudas family was great as the majority of the residents supported the Ustase" Nazi collaborators, wrote the Yad Vashem state Holocaust museum, which recognized the late couple's heroism in 1995.
The partisans viewed the Croats and the Croat clergy in particular as being pro-fascist and collaborators with the pro-Nazi Ustase regime of General Ante Pavelic in the 1941 Independent State of Croatia (NDH, Nezavisna Drzava Hrvatska).
In March and April 1945, Mihailovic's remaining Chetniks mounted a belated attempt to establish themselves as a credible force fighting the Axis in Yugoslavia by attacking German forces and Croatian Ustase militia.
He had lionised the country's pro-Nazi Ustase movement as a student in the 90s and labelled Croatia's anti-fascist history and culture "an empty phrase" with no constitutional relevance.
Grabar-Kitarovic explained the visit saying: ""A crime is a crime and it cannot be justified by any ideology." (126) On the other hand, the new Croatian president (who had taken office in February the same year) stayed away in April from the official ceremonies at the Jasenovac concentration camp, where at least 83,000 Serbs, Roma, Jews and political prisoners had perished at the hand of the Ustase. Instead, she sent as representative Hollywood producer and Auschwitz survivor Branko Lustig.
In 1941-42, as a gesture towards Bosnian Muslims, the Ustase made it into a mosque; later it was the Museum of National Liberation.
Handed the maximum sentence, 20 years, he died in prison and even asked to be buried in the uniform of the Ustase, the Croatian Nazis.
Aboveanother town, a light attack aircraft was downed and the pilot ejected.He was found, mortally injured, by Ustase militia, who took him away,beat him to death, and mutilated his already-wounded body.
In '42 his parents hid your grandmother and me among sacks of beans in their little pantry for weeks when the Ustase came, risking their own lives.' That's what he said.
I can't hear him over the Ustase's drunken singing.
The stopper was captured on video using a microphone to lead chants which were found to have associations with Croatia's former pro-Nazi Ustase regime.
The Dinamo Zagreb captain was captured on video using a microphone to lead chants which were found to have associations with Croatia's former pro-Nazi Ustase regime.