Ustiuzhna

Ustiuzhna

 

a city and administrative center of Ustiuzhna Raion, Vologda Oblast, RSFSR. Situated on the Mologa River (which empties into the Rybinsk Reservoir), 54 km northeast of the Pestovo railroad station on the Sonkovo-Kabozha line. The city is a highway junction.

Ustiuzhna was first mentioned in 1252 as part of the principality of Uglich under the name of Zheleznyi Ustiug. It was founded on the site of an ancient ironworks. Beginning in the 16th century, the city was called Ustiuzhna-Zheleznopol’skaia. In the 18th century it produced iron parts for ships and cannons, cannonballs, and arms. In 1738, Ustiuzhna became a district seat in Novgorod Province. With the development of metallurgical plants in the Urals, the industrial significance of Ustiuzhna declined.

Soviet power was established in Ustiuzhna on Jan. 27, 1918. In 1937 the city became a part of Vologda Oblast. The city has a creamery. An agricultural technicum and a museum of local lore are also located there.

References in periodicals archive ?
Households Belev 1718 4110 841 Borovsk 1719 2399 335 Maloiaroslavets 1715 976 156 Riazan' 1718 1589 220 Toropets 1710 3674 839 Tula 1715 5309 916 Tula 1720 3022 502 Uglich 1717 5089 877 Ustiuzhna 1713 2277 417 Viatka 1710 4368 724 Viatka 1717 2387 394 Zaraisk 1715 2980 498 TOTALS 38180 6719 SOURCE: Population inventories (see fn.
The 1718 count in Belev, for example, found almost no indigent households; on the other hand, fiscal agents in Ustiuzhna and Uglich determined that about a fifth of all households were poor and tax-exempt; the overall average for the ten towns was 12.9 percent.
A decade later Peter attempted to compel all churches to build poorhouses, each so far as local means would allow.(60) Table 4 Mean Age of Heads of Household (HOH), Poor and Tax-Exempt Households,(*) Early Eighteenth-Century Russian Towns Town Male HOH Female HOH All HOH Belev 45.6 37.0 42.8 Borovsk 52.1 52.7 52.4 Maloiaroslavets 46.0 57.2 54.0 Riazan' 43.9 61.8 46.4 Toropets 47.9 49.5 48.5 Tula 1715 51.0 48.0 49.0 Tula 1720 56.9 50.0 56.1 Uglich 50.6 48.8 50.1 Ustiuzhna 51.7 53.4 52.2 Viatka 1710 46.1 51.9 48.9 Viatka 1717 53.3 49.3 50.8 Zaraisk 53.9 53.9 53.9 OVERALL MEAN 50.2 50.3 50.2 * Does not include poorhouses (bogadel'ni).