Utah War


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Utah War,

in U.S. history, conflict between Mormons and the U.S. government. In the spring of 1857, President James Buchanan appointed a non-Mormon, Alfred Cumming, as governor of the Utah Territory, replacing Brigham YoungYoung, Brigham
, 1801–77, American religious leader, early head of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, b. Whitingham, Vt. Brigham Young was perhaps the greatest molder of Mormonism, his influence having a greater effect even than that of the church's founder,
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, and dispatched troops to enforce the order. The Mormons prepared to defend themselves and their property; Young declared martial law and issued an order on Sept. 15, 1857, forbidding the entry of U.S. troops into Utah. The order was disregarded, and throughout the winter sporadic raids were conducted by the Mormon militia against the encamped U.S. army. Buchanan dispatched (Apr., 1858) representatives to work out a settlement, and on June 26, the army entered Salt Lake City, Cumming was installed as governor, and peace was restored.

Bibliography

See L. R. and A. W. Hafen, ed., The Utah Expedition, 1857–58 (1958); N. F. Furniss, The Mormon Conflict, 1850–1859 (1960).

References in periodicals archive ?
Young was a polygamist and was involved in controversies regarding black people and the Priesthood, the Utah War, and the Mountain Meadows massacre.
The conflict, known both as the Mormon Rebellion and the Utah War, passed quickly with a few guerilla raids, although the authors contend it continued until Young's death in 1877.
The onset of the yearlong Utah War in May 1857, with Young's call to relocate to Zion, soon was followed by the shocking news of the Mountain Meadows Massacre in southern Utah, where a group of Mormons and Paiute Indians killed nearly 120 men, women, and children traveling from Arkansas to California.
Hill provides background by examining various wars on the world order from past centuries--the French Revolution and Napoleonic Wars, the Taiping Rebellion, the American Civil War and the Utah War, Franco-Prussian War, World Wars I and II, the Cold War, and the Indian mutiny.
In the 1857 Utah War, the Saints expected divine intervention to defeat the invaders and free them from allegiance to an earthly power, but do not appear to have referred to a literal return of Christ to reign in person and bring in a new epoch of millennial glory.
Clearly, though, Bigler's chief interest lies in the story of the numerous confrontations between Brigham Young and the federal government which culminated in the infamous Utah War of 1857.
Following the Old Spanish Trail seeking routes into Utah (made even more urgent because of the recent 'Utah War' where federal troops occupied key parts of the newly emergent Mormon country under the control of Brigham Young whose policy of polygamy had gained the ire of the U.S.
The book details every stage of the fort's existence, from its beginnings in 1834 as a trading post, its involvement in the buffalo hide trade, overland migrations, Indian wars and treaties, the Utah War, and into the telegraph and first transcontinental railroad eras.
Although Kinney left the territory and was removed with the other judges at the outbreak of the Utah War, Buchanan reappointed him in June 1860.
Ultimately, an "explosion of anti-Mormon sentiment in the gold country by the late summer of 1857" [328], combined with the outbreak of the so-called Utah War with the dispatch of federal troops to the Great Basin, prompted the withdrawal of all faithful Latter-day Saints from California in August 1857.
In the 1857 Utah War, the Saints expected divine intervention to defeat the invaders and free them from allegiance to an earthly power but do not appear to have referred to a literal return of Christ to reign in person and bring in a new epoch of millennial glory.
Part 1 of Volume 10 of the "Kingdom in the West: The Mormons and the American Frontier" series, At Sword's Point: A Documentary History of the Utah War to 1858 chronicles the 1857-58 armed confrontation between Mormon Utah Territory and the U.S.

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