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(o͞oth`män) or


(ōth`), c.574–656, 3d caliph (644–56), also known as Uthman ibn al-Affan; son-in-law of MuhammadMuhammad
[Arab.,=praised], 570?–632, the name of the Prophet of Islam, one of the great figures of history, b. Mecca. Early Life

Muhammad was the son of Abdallah ibn Abd al-Muttalib and his wife Amina, both of the Hashim clan of the dominant Kuraish (Quraysh)
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. He belonged to the great UmayyadUmayyad
, the first Islamic dynasty (661–750). Their reign witnessed the return to leadership roles of the pre-Islamic Arab elite, and the rejuvenation of tribal loyalties. The Banu Ummaya constituted the higher stratum of the pre-Islamic Meccan elite.
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 family and was selected as caliph after the murder of UmarUmar
or Omar
, c.581–644, 2d caliph (see caliphate). At first hostile to Islam, he was converted by 618, becoming an adviser to Muhammad. He succeeded Abu Bakr as caliph without opposition in 634. In his reign Islam became an imperial power.
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. Muslim conquests were continued and extended to Bactria and Cyprus. To strengthen his control over the distant provinces, he replaced the generals and governors appointed by Abu BakrAbu Bakr
, 573–634, 1st caliph, friend, father-in-law, and successor of Muhammad. He was probably Muhammad's first convert outside the Prophet's family and alone accompanied Muhammad on the Hegira.
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 and Umar with members of his own family. Uthman ordered the compilation of the first official version of the Qur'anQur'an
or Koran
[Arab.,=reading, recitation], the sacred book of Islam. Revealed by God to the Prophet Muhammad in separate revelations over the major portion of the Prophet's life at Mecca and at Medina, the Qur'an was intended as a recited text, and was not compiled
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. In 656 a mob of malcontents in Medina stormed Uthman's house and murdered him. AliAli
(Ali ibn Abu Talib), 598?–661, 4th caliph (656–61). The debate over his right to the caliphate caused a major split in Islam into Sunni and Shiite branches, and he is regarded by the Shiites as the first Imam, or leader: Shiite derives from the phrase
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 succeeded to the caliphate. Osman is the Turkish form of Uthman.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The title of caliphate went to Ali ibn Abi Talib after Hazrat Uthman. After the assassination of Hazrat Uthman, the insurgents approached Hazrat Ali (R.A.) to be the Khalifah as the city of Medina had descended into a chaos and anarchy.
Scott, of Bunkers Farm, Greenfield, Oldham; Dominic and Niall Leach, both of Hulbert Street, Middleton; Tyshkul, of Bury Old Road, Manchester; and Uthman, of Bullfinch Walk, Chorlton, all pleaded guilty to conspiracy to commit criminal damage, following a British Transport Police probe.
Dr Skyhawk said Mansur Hallaj came to Sindh 17 years before his martyrdom in Baghdad and brought with him one of the everlasting statements of Sufism: 'Only suffering and death can bring man closer to Allah...' Three centuries later a verse in Farsi by Uthman Marwandi (Hazrat Lal Shahbaz Qalandar) reflected the deep impression made by widespread popular accounts of Hallaj dancing onto the gallows:
Abdelazis, a native of Giza in Egypt, had presented himself as a volunteer for Uthman Bin Affan Foundation for Development, Relief, Da'wah and Education (UBAF), which is based in Iligan City, according to Ramos.
With his military background, Uthman believes military or armed groups should control major resources.
MADINAH: The changes made to the latest Hafs Qur'anic edition did not include using a different script variant (handwriting), but a new theme and new motifs as well as printing it in different sizes, said Uthman Taha, the calligrapher who has written the new edition of the Hafs Mus'haf.
The source disclosed that the names of the two entities are Al-Rahmah Charitable Association and Al-Khyr Supermarket, both based in Yemen, along with the following Yemeni individuals: Nayif Salih Salim al-Qaysi, Abd al-wahhab Muhammad 'Abd al-wahhab al-Humayqani, Hashim Muhsin Aydarus, Nashwan al-Adani, Khalid Abdullah Saleh al-Marfadi, Sayf Abdulrab Salem al-Hayashi, Adil Abduh Fari, Uthman al-Dhubbani, Radwan Mohammed Hasan Qanan, Wali Nashwan al-Yafi'I, Khalid sa'id Ghabish al-'ubaydi and Bilal Ali al-Wafi.
The source identified the designated entities as Yemeni Rahmah Charitable Organization and Al Khayr Supermarket and named the individuals as: Nayif Salih Salim al-Qaysi, Abd al-Wahhab Muhammad Abd al-Wahhab al-Humayqani, Hashim Muhsin Aydarus, Nashwan al-Adani, Khalid Abdullah Salih al-Marfadi, Sayf Abdulrab Salem al-Hayashi, Adil Abduh Fari Uthman al-Dhubhani, Radwan Muhammad Hasan Qanan, Wali Nashwan al-Yafi'i, Khalid Sa'id Ghabish al-Ubaydi and Bilal Ali al-Wafi.
He discusses the Age of Revolutions and the Atlantic world, the Jihad of 'Uthman dan Fodio in the Central Bilad al-Sudan, jihad and the slave trade, the repercussions of jihad in the Americas, and empowering history: trajectories across the cultural and religious divide.
The programme also included a lecture on "Alzheimer's Disease: An Overview of Diagnosis and Treatment" by Dr Basim Uthman, vice chair of neurology and professor of clinical neurology and clinical neuroscience at Weill Cornell Medicine -- Qatar, and consultant at Hamad Medical Corporation.
The war media cell said in a press statement that the aircraft of the international coalition, and in coordination with the Joint Operations Command and Information of the Iraqi National Intelligence Service, directed an air strike on the headquarters of the so-called Islamic police in the 7 April area in al-Qaim in Anbar province." They cell added that the strike led to the complete destruction of the headquarters and the killing and wounding of 21 terrorists were inside and outside the office." It noted that among the dead terrorist (Abu Uthman), the Headquarters official" ./End