Usman Dan Fodio

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Usman Dan Fodio

 

Born 1744; died 1817. Leader of the Fulbe uprising of 1804–08 against the rulers of the states of the Hausa people in western Sudan. African Muslim preacher. Tutor of the son of the sultan of the Hausa state of Gobir.

Usman dan Fodio headed the opposition of the Fulbe aristocracy, who were dissatisfied with the political hegemony of the Hausa aristocracy. In February 1804, he and his brother Abdullahi called upon the Fulbe to wage a “holy war” against the “infidels,” the rulers of the Hausa. He was at once proclaimed “leader of the faithful.” By 1809, Usman Dan Fodio’s troops had captured virtually the entire country of the Hausa. The conquered territory was divided between Abdullahi, who received the sultanate of Gwandu, and Usman’s son, Muhammad Bello, who received the sultanate of Sokoto in present-day Nigeria.

Usman dan Fodio’s religious treatises are a valuable source of information on the history of northern Nigeria and adjacent regions.

References in periodicals archive ?
The fact that women are encouraged by men can be traced back to the contributions of the legendary Muslim leader, scholar, and founder of the Sokoto Caliphate in northern Nigeria, Uthman dan Fodio.
Murray Last considers internal conflict in the early Sokoto Caliphate by examining the career of a dissident Muslim scholar who contested the legitimacy of Muhammad Bello's succession after the death of Shaikh Uthman dan Fodio.
How did you emerge the pioneer Chancellor of the Uthman Dan Fodio University?
We started the University of Sokoto, now Uthman Dan Fodio University, from scratch; the first four years was very rough.
In the course of a debate in the House of Assembly, one NPC representative, Alhaji Ladan Baki, referred to the Sardauna as "our divine leader who is in a way a reincarnation of Uthman dan Fodio.