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(o͞oshmäl`, o͞oz–), ancient city, northern Yucatán peninsula, Mexico. A Late Classic period MayaMaya
, indigenous people of S Mexico and Central America, occupying an area comprising the Yucatán peninsula and much of the present state of Chiapas in Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, parts of El Salvador, and extreme western Honduras.
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 center situated in the Puuc hills, Uxmal flourished between 600 and 900. It is one of the finest expressions of Maya architecture known as the Puuc style. The site has such impressive structures as the unique Pyramid of the Magician; the Nunnery, with elaborately decorated facades of stone mosaic friezes; and the Governor's Palace (320 ft/98 m long, 40 ft/12.2 m wide, and 26 ft/8.9 m high), with some 20,000 carved stone elements in its facade. The site was abandoned shortly after 950 but was reoccupied briefly in the 15th cent. by the Xiu, a Mexican group who soon abandoned the site after wresting power from the Cocom Itzá at Mayapán.


See studies in the Handbook of Middle American Indians, ed. by R. Wauchope (13 vol., 1964–73); M. P. Weaver, The Aztecs, Maya, and Their Predecessors (1972).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



one of the cultural and political centers of the ancient Mayas; situated on the Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico. The date of the founding of Uxmal and its earliest history are still unknown. In the late tenth century, Uxmal was captured by the Tutul-Xiu tribe, who were associated with the Toltecs. From the 13th through 15th centuries, Mayapán and Chichén-Itzá repeatedly conducted internecine wars for political dominion over the Yucatan. The exact chronology of these events is unclear because of contradictions in available sources, but Uxmal was probably destroyed by Mayapán’s forces early in the 13th century. The Tutul-Xiu moved their capital to the city of Mani. The wars ended with the fall of Mayapán in 1441.

The Uxmal ruins, which are divided into six groups, have been investigated many times since the 19th century by archaeologists of the United States and Mexico, including J. L. Stephens, W. Holmes, K. Ruppert, A. Ruz, J. Acosta, and C. Saenz. The buildings, which have been partially restored, include many important examples of monumental architecture. The Governor’s Palace, one of the most beautiful, is richly decorated with sculpture and a mosaic frieze consisting of 20,000 individual tiles. The Temple of the Magician surmounts a pyramid measuring 30 m in height. The Nunnery is a complex consisting of four buildings with an inner court and an arch on the southern side. Other buildings include the House of the Pigeons, the House of the Turtles, and the House of the Dwarf.


Kinzhalov, R. V. Iskusstvo drevnikh maiia. Leningrad, 1968.
Foncerrada de Molina, M. Uxmal: La ciudad del dios de la lluvia. Mexico, 1968.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


an ancient ruined city in SE Mexico, in Yucat?n: capital of the later Maya empire
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Ruinas de Uxmal, 27 Oct 1984, Pohl 14544 (F, MO) (Fig.
Coming on the centenary of World War I, the exhibition considers "representations of loss, destruction and trauma in places across the globe, from Flinders Island off the southern coast of Australia to Guernica, Beersheba and the ancient Mayan city of Uxmal," Barlow says.
Emma Martin, head of ethnology at the museum and some of the unmissable objects in the exhibition | |including the Queen of Uxmal sculpture, centre, and an anthropomorphic censer
San Francisco, CA, March 18, 2015 --(PR.com)-- Successful high occupancy Bed and Breakfast with number one rated Restaurant located in historic Uxmal Pyramid region.
Though bogged down by his use of literary jargon, his meticulous deconstruction of the "multifaceted relationship between cultural broker and storyteller" provides the theoretical background for a productive juxtaposition of four versions of the common Yucatec tale "The Dwarf of Uxmal" (31).
Click mercury-direct.co.uk/tours 4 CHICHEN ITZA, Mexico IF MEXICO'S Chichen Itza is high on your list, the nine-day 'Yucatan Explorer' tour with Virgin Holidays Worldwide Journeys takes in the famous Mayan site along with other archaeological treasures like Tulum, Calakmul and Uxmal.
And if Mexico's Chichen Itza is high on your list, the nine-day Yucatan Explorer tour with Virgin Holidays Worldwide Journeys takes in this famous Mayan site along with other archaeological treasures like Tulum, Calakmul and Uxmal. Save up to PS180pp on the September 6 departure from Gatwick now from PS1,699pp based on two adults travelling, with entrance fees, guides and transfers included in the price.
Nancy arranged all the necessities, and we visited the archaeological sites at Palenque, Uxmal, Bonampak, and Yaxchilan.